The incidence of diabetes in the United States is increasing rapidly as a result of the obesity epidemic. Mouse models have increased our understanding of the pathogenesis of diabetes and other metabolic diseases. The projects described in this grant ufilize various genefic models to study the molecular mechanisms underiying energy homeostasis, and glucose and lipid metabolism. Core D provides accurate, timely and cost-effective phenotyping of mouse models generated by the Pis. Core D is directed by the PI of Project 3, Rex Ahima, who is also the director of the Penn Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Center (DERC) Mouse Phenotyping, Physiology and Metabolism Core. Core D supports the salary of a research specialist, supervised by the director Rex Ahima, to perform in vivo metabolic studies in mice. Core D uses state-of-the-art equipment and in vivo techniques. A Comprehensive Laboratory Animal Monitoring System (CLAMS) is used for assessment of food intake, drinking, energy expenditure, locomotor activity and sleep epochs. Nuclear Magnefic Resonance (NMR) and Dual Emission Xray Absorpfiometry (DEXA) are used for assessment of body composifion. Glucose homeostasis is evaluated with glucose and insulin tolerance tests, and insulin clamp and radioisotopic tracer kinetics. Core D also performs treadmill exercise, infrared thermography, blood pressure and heart rate monitoring, analysis of tissue chemistry, and tracer studies in isolated organs.
Core D performs critical metabolic studies in mice generated by the Pis of this program, who lack the expertise or facilities to conduct these studies. Core D is directed by the PI of Project 3, Rex Ahima, and supporits the salary of a research specialist. The goal of Core D is to expedite the perfonnance of in vivo metabolic assays, ensure accuracy, and facilitate interactions among the Pis of the program project.
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