This Program Project consists of three closely related and integrated proposals focusing on signals that regulate skeletal morphogenesis during embryonic development. The projects are highly coordinated, founded in the last 10 years of a highly successful Program Project and with a long history of collaborative efforts before that. A unique feature of this team is the exchange of expertise between laboratories whose primary focus has been either developmental skeletal biology (Tabin, McMahon) or endocrine control of skeletogenesis (Kronenberg). The high-resolution histology core extends the technical capabilities of each individual lab. All three projects are focused on dissecting the roles of key regulatory pathways in skeletal development. Project 1 will examine the mechanisms used by parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and associated G-proteins in regulating these processes and will determine the roles of novel regulators of Chondrocyte differentiation discovered in the last grant cycle, as well as characterizing the early cells of the osteoblast lineage and their relationship with the perichondrium. PTHrP works in a feedback loop with a second secreted protein;Indian hedgehog (Ihh). Project 3 will explore the role of extracellular matrix in modulating Ihh signaling and will also study the role of the perichondrium in signaling to and controlling growth and differentiation of the cartilage elements. Project 2 is devoted to defining the regulatory networks involved in chondrogenesis and osteogenesis within the skeletal elements themselves. These projects are knit together by common themes, complimentary approaches, shared reagents, and direct collaborations. Together these highly related projects will achieve a new level of understanding of the regulation of bone morphogenesis which could not be attained by independent efforts.

Public Health Relevance

This Program Project focuses on the intercellular signals that control the growth of the developing skeletal tissues. Because the same regulatory networks are utilized post-natally as the skeleton grows, remodels and repairs itself, these studies will also increase understanding of medically relevant aspects of bone physiology, including regulation of the post-natal growth plate and control of bone healing and remodeling following fractures

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01DK056246-14
Application #
8663234
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1)
Program Officer
Malozowski, Saul N
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
14
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Harvard Medical School
Department
Genetics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
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Kavanagh, Kathryn D; Shoval, Oren; Winslow, Benjamin B et al. (2013) Developmental bias in the evolution of phalanges. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:18190-5

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