The Moore laboratory found that specific activation of the nuclear receptor LRH-1 (NR5A2) by the novel agonist ligand dilauroyl phosphatidylcholine (DLPC) potently reduces hepatic steatosis and improves overall insulin sensitivity in mouse models. Thus, LRH-1 activation provides an attractive therapeutic approach to treating two of the primary pathologies of the Metabolic Syndrome. Preliminary results indicate that this LRH- 1 mediated pathway is sensitive to changes in methyl pools and one-carbon metabolism, and that LRH-1 mediates exciting, but long neglected anti-steatotic effects of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and dietary methyl donor supplementation. Published and our additional preliminary results, including both functional and bioinformatics studies, demonstrate a highly significant functional interaction between LRH-1 and SRC-2. In accord with this, the phenotypic effects of LRH-1 activation overiap with, but are opposite to those associated with loss of hepatic SRC-2 function. Based on these compelling results, the specific hypothesis of this project is that SRC-2 is an essential mediator of the beneficial effects of LRH-1 activation in the metabolic syndrome.
Three specific aims will dissect the molecular basis and physiological significance of the functional interactions of SRC-2 and LRH-1: 1) Define the functional interactions of LRH-1 and SRC-2 with each other, and with the key modifiers SHP and AMP kinase. 2): Define the impact of modulating methyl pools on SRC-2 activity and PTMs, particulariy the possibility that changes in SRC-2 methylation mediate metabolic responses to alterations in one carbon metabolism. 3) Determine the impact of a liver- specific SRC-2 knockout on the effects of DLPC and phosphatidylcholine supplementation in both acute gene expression responses in normal mice and the anti-diabetic and lipotropic responses in insulin resistant mice.
This project will critically test a specific prediction of the overall "master metabolic hypothesis" for the function of SRC-2, and will provide novel insights into potential therapeutic approaches for the metabolic syndrome.
|Xie, Xin; Tsai, Sophia Y; Tsai, Ming-Jer (2016) COUP-TFII regulates satellite cell function and muscular dystrophy. J Clin Invest 126:3929-3941|
|Vasquez, Yasmin M; Wu, San-Pin; Anderson, Matthew L et al. (2016) Endometrial Expression of Steroidogenic Factor 1 Promotes Cystic Glandular Morphogenesis. Mol Endocrinol 30:518-32|
|Wang, Lei; Lonard, David M; O'Malley, Bert W (2016) The Role of Steroid Receptor Coactivators in Hormone Dependent Cancers and Their Potential as Therapeutic Targets. Horm Cancer 7:229-35|
|Xu, Y; Qin, L; Sun, T et al. (2016) Twist1 promotes breast cancer invasion and metastasis by silencing Foxa1 expression. Oncogene :|
|Song, Xianzhou; Chen, Jianwei; Zhao, Mingkun et al. (2016) Development of potent small-molecule inhibitors to drug the undruggable steroid receptor coactivator-3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:4970-5|
|Lin, Shih-Chieh; Kao, Chung-Yang; Lee, Hui-Ju et al. (2016) Dysregulation of miRNAs-COUP-TFII-FOXM1-CENPF axis contributes to the metastasis of prostate cancer. Nat Commun 7:11418|
|Wang, Leiming; Xu, Mafei; Qin, Jun et al. (2016) MPC1, a key gene in cancer metabolism, is regulated by COUPTFII in human prostate cancer. Oncotarget 7:14673-83|
|Fleet, Tiffany; Stashi, Erin; Zhu, Bokai et al. (2016) Genetic and Environmental Models of Circadian Disruption Link SRC-2 Function to Hepatic Pathology. J Biol Rhythms 31:443-60|
|Wu, San-Pin; Yu, Cheng-Tai; Tsai, Sophia Y et al. (2016) Choose your destiny: Make a cell fate decision with COUP-TFII. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 157:7-12|
|Fleet, Tiffany; Zhang, Bin; Lin, Fumin et al. (2015) SRC-2 orchestrates polygenic inputs for fine-tuning glucose homeostasis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:E6068-77|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 172 publications