Core A provides expertise and resources that are essential for successful completion of each of the Projects within this Program. Core A is housed in the Ellison Stem Cell Core (ESCC), a purpose-designed and built facility providing access to tissue culture hoods, a number of Zeiss microscopes, live cell imaging capability, and hypoxia-ready incubators. Furthermore, Core A provides access to validated reagents for the culture and maintenance of human pluripotent stem cells, minimizing experimental variability that can occur between different vendors or batches. Core A also teaches and maintains a """"""""best practices"""""""" environment that minimizes deviations that can lead to contamination and culture drift. However, perhaps of greatest importance are the advantages that result from the co-localization of POI investigators within the ESCC. By aggregating researchers from different disciplines, the ESCC aggregates expertise. This allows researchers from one laboratory to immediately benefit from advances made by other laboratories, facilitates the identification of important biological differences between pluripotent lines, and fosters collaborative efforts that benefit from contributions from multiple groups;a recent example being the adoption of vector-free methods for induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) generation. Core A will facilitate the goals of the overall POI through the provision of core services, by placing its knowledge and resources at the disposal of POI investigators, and by developing new knowledge and capabilities. During the current funding period Core A has made important contributions toward furthering our knowledge of stem cell biology. The current application proposes to continue in this vein by characterizing a new generation of """"""""naive-like"""""""" human pluripotent stem cell lines, by developing culture conditions that will enhance the predictability with which human pluripotent stem cell lines generate tissues of interest, and by seeking to identify metabolic drivers of pluripotency and directed differentiation.
The ESCC will support the public health aspect of the individual projects and within core pursuits will advance our understanding of hESC toward the goal of control of expansion of these cells for clinical application.
|Palpant, Nathan J; Pabon, Lil; Friedman, Clayton E et al. (2017) Generating high-purity cardiac and endothelial derivatives from patterned mesoderm using human pluripotent stem cells. Nat Protoc 12:15-31|
|Kim, Yong Kyun; Refaeli, Ido; Brooks, Craig R et al. (2017) Gene-Edited Human Kidney Organoids Reveal Mechanisms of Disease in Podocyte Development. Stem Cells 35:2366-2378|
|Kadota, Shin; Pabon, Lil; Reinecke, Hans et al. (2017) In Vivo Maturation of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes in Neonatal and Adult Rat Hearts. Stem Cell Reports 8:278-289|
|Palpant, Nathan J; Wang, Yuliang; Hadland, Brandon et al. (2017) Chromatin and Transcriptional Analysis of Mesoderm Progenitor Cells Identifies HOPX as a Regulator of Primitive Hematopoiesis. Cell Rep 20:1597-1608|
|Rabinowitz, Jeremy S; Robitaille, Aaron M; Wang, Yuliang et al. (2017) Transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic landscape of positional memory in the caudal fin of zebrafish. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:E717-E726|
|Artoni, Filippo; Kreipke, Rebecca E; Palmeira, Ondina et al. (2017) Loss of foxo rescues stem cell aging in Drosophila germ line. Elife 6:|
|Moody, James D; Levy, Shiri; Mathieu, Julie et al. (2017) First critical repressive H3K27me3 marks in embryonic stem cells identified using designed protein inhibitor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:10125-10130|
|Nakamura, Paul A; Shimchuk, Andy A; Tang, Shibing et al. (2017) Small molecule Photoregulin3 prevents retinal degeneration in the RhoP23H mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa. Elife 6:|
|Ware, Carol B (2017) Concise Review: Lessons from Naïve Human Pluripotent Cells. Stem Cells 35:35-41|
|Mathieu, Julie; Ruohola-Baker, Hannele (2017) Metabolic remodeling during the loss and acquisition of pluripotency. Development 144:541-551|
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