CORE A This project is a Resource Core directed at the expression and purification of soluble catalytic domains for numerous glycan biosynthetic enzymes in mammalian suspension culture cells as reagents for the three Projects in this application. This Core activity extends from prior efforts to develop a """"""""Repository of Glyco- enzyme Expression Constructs"""""""" for production of all human glycosyltransferases (GTs) and other glycosylation enzymes. These coding regions were captured and transferred into custom expression vectors for production in mammalian cells and other recombinant hosts. The successful multi-milligram expression of the GTs in mammalian cells is the foundation for Aim 1, where large-scale enzyme expression and purification of the GTs is described for studies on the enzymology and structural biology of the enzymes (Project 1), use ofthe enzymes to aid in synthesis of larger symmetric and assymetric glycan structures (Project 2), and application ofthe well-characterized enzymes toward selective cell surface tagging techniques that will allow glycan and glycoprotein acceptor identification, as well as monitoring traffic and recycling ofthe glycosylated molecules (Project 3). Continued development of novel methods for fusion tag and glycan removal is proposed in Aim 2 for structural studies in Project 1 based on preliminary data with a small number of model enzymes. Strategies for 13C and 15N- amino acid incorporation as well as seleno- Met labeling are also being developed based on initial success in production of labeled recombinant enzymes for NMR and X-ray crystallography studies.
Aim 3 focuses on specificity studies on larger glycoprotein substrates both in vitro and in cultured cells to examine enzyme competition and other factors in the secretory pathway. The initial focus is on a subset of GTs important in modifying the termini of the glycans on glycoproteins and glycolipids, the sialyltransferases and fucosyltransferases, with the development of protocols that can be applied more widely to other enzyme families. These enzymes will provide reagents and greater insights that will enable the more effective use of these enzymatic catalysts in glycan synthesis and as tools for biological applications and studies on disease models.

Public Health Relevance

Glycosylation enzymes are the biosynthetic machinery that generate protein- and lipid-bound glycan structures that influence biological processes from cell development to cell-cell interactions and the life time of signaling molecules in serum. Production of the enzymes will foster their use in enzymatic synthesis, diagnosis, and understanding disease.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01GM107012-02
Application #
8740510
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-07-01
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Georgia
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Athens
State
GA
Country
United States
Zip Code
30602
Jiang, Hao; López-Aguilar, Aimé; Meng, Lu et al. (2018) Modulating Cell-Surface Receptor Signaling and Ion Channel Functions by In?Situ Glycan Editing. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 57:967-971
Epp, Alexandra; Hobusch, Juliane; Bartsch, Yannic C et al. (2018) Sialylation of IgG antibodies inhibits IgG-mediated allergic reactions. J Allergy Clin Immunol 141:399-402.e8
Lopez Aguilar, Aime; Meng, Lu; Hou, Xiaomeng et al. (2018) Sialyltransferase-Based Chemoenzymatic Histology for the Detection of N- and O-Glycans. Bioconjug Chem 29:1231-1239
Rouhanifard, Sara H; Lopez Aguilar, Aime; Meng, Lu et al. (2018) Engineered Glycocalyx Regulates Stem Cell Proliferation in Murine Crypt Organoids. Cell Chem Biol 25:439-446.e5
Kadirvelraj, Renuka; Yang, Jeong-Yeh; Sanders, Justin H et al. (2018) Human N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase II substrate recognition uses a modular architecture that includes a convergent exosite. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:4637-4642
Jensen, Jacob Krüger; Busse-Wicher, Marta; Poulsen, Christian Peter et al. (2018) Identification of an algal xylan synthase indicates that there is functional orthology between algal and plant cell wall biosynthesis. New Phytol 218:1049-1060
Voiniciuc, C?t?lin; Engle, Kristen A; Günl, Markus et al. (2018) Identification of Key Enzymes for Pectin Synthesis in Seed Mucilage. Plant Physiol 178:1045-1064
Moure, Maria J; Eletsky, Alexander; Gao, Qi et al. (2018) Paramagnetic Tag for Glycosylation Sites in Glycoproteins: Structural Constraints on Heparan Sulfate Binding to Robo1. ACS Chem Biol 13:2560-2567
Moremen, Kelley W; Ramiah, Annapoorani; Stuart, Melissa et al. (2018) Expression system for structural and functional studies of human glycosylation enzymes. Nat Chem Biol 14:156-162
Yu, Seok-Ho; Zhao, Peng; Prabhakar, Pradeep K et al. (2018) Defective mucin-type glycosylation on ?-dystroglycan in COG-deficient cells increases its susceptibility to bacterial proteases. J Biol Chem 293:14534-14544

Showing the most recent 10 out of 42 publications