This proposal is for a Program Project Grant consisting of four Projects and three Cores. Its overall goal is to investigate interactions betwee spinal circuits and the musculoskeletal system to promote more effective movement-related rehabilitation evaluation and therapeutic strategies. In each of the Projects this objective will b studied in model systems. In Project I (English), the effects of modifying the dosing, pattern, and therapeutic window of treatment with modest daily exercise in the form of treadmill training as a treatment for peripheral nerve injuries will be investigated. In Project II (Prilutsky/Gregor), the role of proprioceptive feedback in shaping functionally appropriate compensations to paralysis of selected muscles and the potential for therapeutic interventions that differentially affect lengh and force dependent feedback from, and mechanical demands on, reinnervated muscles will be studied. In Project III (Nichols), the measurement of limb mechanics will be used to evaluate changes in spinal circuitry resulting from perturbations of musculoskeletal circuits. In Project IV (Wolpaw/Chen), the role of descending neural systems in regulating the interactions of spinal and musculoskeletal circuits will be evaluated. The Projects are supported by Administrative and Technical Cores and a Clinician Scientist Advisory Board. One role of the latter is the implementation of a novel form of two way communication between Project scientists and rehabilitation clinicians. This PPG brings together a team of established scientists from diverse backgrounds, with a common goal to continue to strengthen the science base underlying clinical rehabilitation.

Public Health Relevance

By study of their impact on interactions between neuronal circuitry and the musculoskeletal system, the Projects in this PPG are aimed at enhancing the translational potential of novel treatments and/or evaluation strategies that are applicable to patients with a variety of movement disorders. Their successful completion will serve to strengthen the science base for clinical rehabilitation.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HD032571-17
Application #
8446294
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-RRG-K (40))
Program Officer
Nitkin, Ralph M
Project Start
1997-02-01
Project End
2017-03-31
Budget Start
2013-04-01
Budget End
2014-03-31
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$1,122,020
Indirect Cost
$165,779
Name
Emory University
Department
Anatomy/Cell Biology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
066469933
City
Atlanta
State
GA
Country
United States
Zip Code
30322
English, Arthur W; Wilhelm, Jennifer C; Ward, Patricia J (2014) Exercise, neurotrophins, and axon regeneration in the PNS. Physiology (Bethesda) 29:437-45
Lyle, Mark A; Valero-Cuevas, Francisco J; Gregor, Robert J et al. (2014) Control of dynamic foot-ground interactions in male and female soccer athletes: females exhibit reduced dexterity and higher limb stiffness during landing. J Biomech 47:512-7
Chen, Yi; Chen, Lu; Liu, Rongliang et al. (2014) Locomotor impact of beneficial or nonbeneficial H-reflex conditioning after spinal cord injury. J Neurophysiol 111:1249-58
Chen, Yi; Chen, Lu; Wang, Yu et al. (2014) Persistent beneficial impact of H-reflex conditioning in spinal cord-injured rats. J Neurophysiol 112:2374-81
Farrell, Brad J; Bulgakova, Margarita A; Beloozerova, Irina N et al. (2014) Body stability and muscle and motor cortex activity during walking with wide stance. J Neurophysiol 112:504-24
Klishko, Alexander N; Farrell, Bradley J; Beloozerova, Irina N et al. (2014) Stabilization of cat paw trajectory during locomotion. J Neurophysiol 112:1376-91
Liu, Caiyue; Ward, Patricia J; English, Arthur W (2014) The effects of exercise on synaptic stripping require androgen receptor signaling. PLoS One 9:e98633
Honeycutt, Claire F; Nichols, T Richard (2014) The mechanical actions of muscles predict the direction of muscle activation during postural perturbations in the cat hindlimb. J Neurophysiol 111:900-7
Boeltz, Tiffany; Ireland, Meredith; Mathis, Kristin et al. (2013) Effects of treadmill training on functional recovery following peripheral nerve injury in rats. J Neurophysiol 109:2645-57
Burkholder, Thomas J; van Antwerp, Keith W (2013) Practical limits on muscle synergy identification by non-negative matrix factorization in systems with mechanical constraints. Med Biol Eng Comput 51:187-96

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