instmctions): Project II. Mark S. Segal PI. In 2007, over 138,000 assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures were performed in the U.S. resulfing in -54,700 infants. Many ART pregnancies have a nonphysiologic hormonal milieu and have been associated with an increased risk for obstetric complications, including preterm delivery and preeclampsia, as well as adverse perinatal outcomes, including low birth weight infants. Women who suffer these obstetric complicafions and infants who have adverse perinatal outcomes may both be at risk for future cardiovascular events. This proposal addresses one potenfial mechanism, corpus luteal factors, for the increased morbidity associated with ART. The corpus luteal factor relaxin plays a critical role in the hemodynamic changes that occur during pregnancy. Our preliminary data demonstrates that in mice, relaxin can increase bone marrow derived progenitor cells (BMPC), cells that may directly or indirectly play a role in endothelial function and angiogenesis. Relaxin can also induce BMPC migrafion in vivo and alter BMPC nitric oxide (NO) levels, thus improving BMPC funcfion in vitro. Interesfingly, BMPC have been shown to be increased in pregnancy. It is our overarching hypothesis that the hemodynamic effects of relaxin are partly due to its acfions on BMPC and opfimal levels of relaxin, not achieved in all ART pregnancies, are necessary to establish the proper hemodynamic alterations of gestation important to the successful outcome of a pregnancy for mother and fetus. To test this hypothesis we will perform a longitudinal clinical study of women spontaneously conceiving (control cohort) and of women undergoing ART, both egg donor recipients (no relaxin) and women undergoing ovarian stimulation (elevated relaxin). All women, in conjunction with Project I, will be studied prior to pregnancy (baseline), at gestafional weeks 5-6, 7-9, 10-12, 14-16, 23-25 and 33-35, and 3-6 months post-partum. At each visit we will determin maternal BMPC number and funcfion, arterial properties (Project I) and systemic hemodynamics, endothelial funcfion, and capillary density. This project utilizes the Analytical Core C for measurement of relaxin, other hormones, and circulating markers of inflammafion, and the Data Management and Biostatisfics Core B for data storage and stafisfical analysis.

Public Health Relevance

Women who use ART to become pregnant have an increased risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight infants, and preeclampsia. It is our hypothesis that an excess or deficiency of corpus luteal hormones such as relaxin in ART pregnancies leads to maladaptations in the vascular system accounfing for these risks. This work may lead to potenfial therapies to decrease the risk for women who use ART.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-Z)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Florida
United States
Zip Code
Conrad, Kirk P; Rabaglino, Maria Belen; Post Uiterweer, Emiel D (2017) Emerging role for dysregulated decidualization in the genesis of preeclampsia. Placenta 60:119-129
Floyd, Erin G; von Versen-Höynck, Frauke; Liu, Jing et al. (2016) Collection of pregnancy outcome records following infertility-challenges and possible solutions. J Assist Reprod Genet 33:993-9
Lathi, Ruth B; Chi, Yueh-Yun; Liu, Jing et al. (2015) Frozen blastocyst embryo transfer using a supplemented natural cycle protocol has a similar live birth rate compared to a programmed cycle protocol. J Assist Reprod Genet 32:1057-62
Baker, Valerie L; Brown, Morton B; Luke, Barbara et al. (2015) Gonadotropin dose is negatively correlated with live birth rate: analysis of more than 650,000 assisted reproductive technology cycles. Fertil Steril 104:1145-52.e1-5
Baker, Valerie L; Brown, Morton B; Luke, Barbara et al. (2015) Association of number of retrieved oocytes with live birth rate and birth weight: an analysis of 231,815 cycles of in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril 103:931-938.e2
Rabaglino, Maria B; Post Uiterweer, Emiel D; Jeyabalan, Arun et al. (2015) Bioinformatics approach reveals evidence for impaired endometrial maturation before and during early pregnancy in women who developed preeclampsia. Hypertension 65:421-9
Simpson, Sean L; Edwards, Lloyd J; Styner, Martin A et al. (2014) Separability tests for high-dimensional, low sample size multivariate repeated measures data. J Appl Stat 41:2450-2461
Conrad, Kirk P; Davison, John M (2014) The renal circulation in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia: is there a place for relaxin? Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 306:F1121-35
Chi, Yueh-Yun; Gribbin, Matthew J; Johnson, Jacqueline L et al. (2014) Power calculation for overall hypothesis testing with high-dimensional commensurate outcomes. Stat Med 33:812-27
Andridge, Rebecca R; Shoben, Abigail B; Muller, Keith E et al. (2014) Analytic methods for individually randomized group treatment trials and group-randomized trials when subjects belong to multiple groups. Stat Med 33:2178-90

Showing the most recent 10 out of 12 publications