Ovulation is essential for successful reproduction. The ovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge stimulates periovulatory follicles to produce prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Blockade of PGE2 production causes ovulation failure. LH-stimulated neovascularization of the follicle is also essential for ovulation as inhibition of follicular angiogenesis prevents ovulation. This proposal puts for the overall hypothesis that PGE2 mediates the ability of the ovulatory LH surge to regulate angiogenesis within the ovulatory follicle. Angiogenesis is regulated via vascular growth factors.
In Aim 1, we will determine if LH acts at follicular granulosa cells to regulate production of vascular growth factors in a PGE2-dependent manner. Monkey ovaries with multiple follicles will be obtained before and after administration of an ovulatory dose of the LH-like hormone hCG;some monkeys will also receive concomitant administration of a prostaglandin (PG) synthesis inhibitor. Granulosa cells, follicular fluid, and whole ovaries will be assessed for vascular growth factor mRNAs by qPCR and proteins by western blotting, ELISA, and immunofiuorescent detection on tissue sections. In vitro studies will be performed to determine if PGE2 acts directiy at granulosa cells to regulate vascular growth factor mRNA and proteins. Vascular growth factors act at endothelial cells to promote the formation of new blood vessels.
In Aim 2, we will determine if PGE2 and vascular growth factors act at endothelial cells of the follicle to stimulate angiogenesis. Using a novel proliferating population of monkey ovarian endothelial cells, we will determine if PGE2 stimulates endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and formation of new capillaries. Similarly, vascular growth factors produced by granulosa cells, granulosa cell-conditioned media, and coculture with granulosa cells will be used to determine if vascular growth factors stimulate endothelial cell functions necessary for angiogenesis. Finally, monkey ovaries obtained after treatment in vivo with hCG, hCG+PG synthesis inhibitor, or hCG+PG synthesis inhibitor+PGE2 will be assessed histologically for neovascularization of the ovulatory follicle. The proposed studies will likely demonstrate that PGE2 and vascular growth factors act directly at endothelial cells to promote the neovascularization of the primate ovulatory follicle. Modulation of follicular PGE2 levels or PGE2 receptor activity may provide effective treatments for infertility or suggest targets for the development of novel contraceptives.

Public Health Relevance

Formation of new blood vessels In the ovarian follicle is essential for ovulation and, therefore, fertility. Understanding how prostaglandins regulate angiogenesis in the ovarian follicle may identify new treatments for infertility or suggest targets for the development of novel contraceptives.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
1P01HD071875-01A1
Application #
8609428
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DRG-D (41))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-09-19
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$448,080
Indirect Cost
$12,500
Name
University of Kentucky
Department
Type
DUNS #
939017877
City
Lexington
State
KY
Country
United States
Zip Code
40506
Cacioppo, Joseph A; Lin, Po-Ching Patrick; Hannon, Patrick R et al. (2017) Granulosa cell endothelin-2 expression is fundamental for ovulatory follicle rupture. Sci Rep 7:817
Puttabyatappa, Muraly; Al-Alem, Linah F; Zakerkish, Farnosh et al. (2017) Induction of Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor 2 by hCG Regulates Periovulatory Gene Expression and Plasmin Activity. Endocrinology 158:109-120
Choi, Yohan; Wilson, Kalin; Hannon, Patrick R et al. (2017) Coordinated Regulation Among Progesterone, Prostaglandins, and EGF-Like Factors in Human Ovulatory Follicles. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 102:1971-1982
Kim, Soon Ok; Trau, Heidi A; Duffy, Diane M (2017) Vascular endothelial growth factors C and D may promote angiogenesis in the primate ovulatory follicle. Biol Reprod 96:389-400
Cacioppo, Joseph A; Koo, Yongbum; Lin, Po-Ching Patrick et al. (2016) Generation of an estrogen receptor beta-iCre knock-in mouse. Genesis 54:38-52
Cerny, Katheryn L; Ribeiro, Rosanne A C; Jeoung, Myoungkun et al. (2016) Estrogen Receptor Alpha (ESR1)-Dependent Regulation of the Mouse Oviductal Transcriptome. PLoS One 11:e0147685
Oakley, Oliver R; Kim, Kee Jun; Lin, Po-Ching et al. (2016) Estradiol Synthesis in Gut-Associated Lymphoid Tissue: Leukocyte Regulation by a Sexually Monomorphic System. Endocrinology 157:4579-4587
Trau, Heidi A; Brännström, Mats; Curry Jr, Thomas E et al. (2016) Prostaglandin E2 and vascular endothelial growth factor A mediate angiogenesis of human ovarian follicular endothelial cells. Hum Reprod 31:436-44
Wilson, Kalin; Park, Jiyeon; Curry Jr, Thomas E et al. (2016) Core Binding Factor-? Knockdown Alters Ovarian Gene Expression and Function in the Mouse. Mol Endocrinol 30:733-47
Kim, Soon Ok; Duffy, Diane M (2016) Mapping PTGERs to the Ovulatory Follicle: Regional Responses to the Ovulatory PGE2 Signal. Biol Reprod 95:33

Showing the most recent 10 out of 20 publications