The Beta3 integrins play critical roles in the biological responses of cells exposed to blood. On platelets, allb33 is indispensable for platelet aggregation and thrombus formation and is a target for anti-thrombotic drugs. On endothelial cells, aV(33 is a major regulator of in angiogenesis and is also the target for drugs that suppress angiogenesis. The involvement of the two (B3 integrins in physiological and pathophysiological processes depends upon signaling across the integrins;inside-out signaling to control the activation state of the integrins and outside-in signaling to control cytoskeletal connections and a myriad of intracellular responses. Both arms of the bidirectional signaling across (B3 integrins as well as all integrins depend upon interaction of their cytoplasmic tails (CT) with binding partners. This proposal focuses on two particular binding partners of the (B3 integrins: two (Kindlin-2 and Kindlin-3) of the three member Kindlin family and one of the scr family kinases, Fyn. The hypotheses to be tested are that the two Kindlins are key regulators of the inside-out signals that lead to integrin activation and that Fyn binds differently than scr to the (B3 CT and, thereby, exerts distinct effects in controlling outside-in signaling events.
Three specific aims are proposed to test these hypotheses.
Specific Aim 1 focuses on the structure-function relationships that govern the interactions between Kindlin-2 and Kindlin-3 and B3 BT and other integrins. The ability of the Kindlins to directly induce integrin activation or to synergize with talin inside-out signaling will be examined;the mechanisms underlying the co-activator activities of the Kindlins and the structural details of the Kindlin-B3 CT interaction will be determined.
Specific Aim 2 will emphasize the effects of the Kindlins on integrin-mediated responses in platelets, megakaryocytes and endothelial cells. These analyses will involve in modulating Kindlin levels and functions in these cells using siRNA and membrane permeable peptides. The effects of reduced levels of Kindlin-2 in vivo will also be analyzed in mice.
Specific Aim 3 is predicated on the recent observation that Fyn binds to a site in the membrane proximal region of the B3 CT. The molecular details of the differential interactions of the Fyn and Scr with the B3 CT and the functional consequences of Fyn binding to this site will be determined in platelets and endothelial cells and in vivo assays of thrombosis and angiogenesis in Fyn and Scr deficient mice. Taken together, these studies will provide key insights into the way responses of the B3 integrins are initiated and propagated. This information may, in turn, establish more effective ways to design anti-thrombotic and anti-angiogenic drugs that target the B3 integrins and other integrin family members.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HL073311-10
Application #
8468196
Study Section
Heart, Lung, and Blood Initial Review Group (HLBP)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-05-01
Budget End
2014-04-30
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$350,125
Indirect Cost
$95,662
Name
Cleveland Clinic Lerner
Department
Type
DUNS #
135781701
City
Cleveland
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
44195
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Plow, Edward F; Das, Mitali; Bialkowska, Katarzyna et al. (2016) Of Kindlins and Cancer. Discoveries (Craiova) 4:
Sossey-Alaoui, Khalid; Plow, Edward F (2016) miR-138-Mediated Regulation of KINDLIN-2 Expression Modulates Sensitivity to Chemotherapeutics. Mol Cancer Res 14:228-38
Biswas, Sudipta; Xin, Liang; Panigrahi, Soumya et al. (2016) Novel phosphatidylethanolamine derivatives accumulate in circulation in hyperlipidemic ApoE-/- mice and activate platelets via TLR2. Blood 127:2618-29
Plow, Edward F (2016) The why's and wherefore's of this vascular biology section of Current Opinion in Hematology. Curr Opin Hematol 23:233-4
Meller, Julia; Rogozin, Igor B; Poliakov, Eugenia et al. (2015) Emergence and subsequent functional specialization of kindlins during evolution of cell adhesiveness. Mol Biol Cell 26:786-96
Liu, Jianmin; Das, Mitali; Yang, Jun et al. (2015) Structural mechanism of integrin inactivation by filamin. Nat Struct Mol Biol 22:383-9
Plow, Edward F; Qin, Jun (2015) The role of RIAM in platelets put to a test. Blood 125:207-8
Bialkowska, Katarzyna; Byzova, Tatiana V; Plow, Edward F (2015) Site-specific phosphorylation of kindlin-3 protein regulates its capacity to control cellular responses mediated by integrin αIIbβ3. J Biol Chem 290:6226-42
Xu, Zhen; Chen, Xue; Zhi, Huiying et al. (2014) Direct interaction of kindlin-3 with integrin αIIbβ3 in platelets is required for supporting arterial thrombosis in mice. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 34:1961-7

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