The central objective of Project 1 is to define the properties of the novel, oxidant-sensitive transient receptor potenfial melastafin (TRPM)2, a Ca(2+)-permeable channel in lung endothelial cells (ECs), how it regulates Ca(2+) signaling, and its role in the mechanism of neutrophil-dependent increases in lung vascular permeability and infiammatory injury. Our approach will be to identify the essenfial role of neutrophil-EC interactions in activafing the TRPM2 channel, then its mechanism of activation, and finally define how TRPM2 activation leads to increased lung endothelial permeability and transmigration of PMNs at the level of adherens juncfions.
Aim #1 will test the hypothesis that PMN interaction with the lung endothelium via beta2-integrin/ICAM-1 binding increases lung vascular permeability through the activation of TRPM2 channels in ECs.
Aim #2 will define the role of the short splice variant of TRPM2, TRPM2-S. in regulafing TRPM2-mediated Ca2+ entry in lung ECs and in the mechanism of endothelial hyper-permeability and PMN transmigration.
Aim #3 will determine the role of NF-kappaB-dependent ICAM-1 expression in amplifying TRPM2 acfivity in ECs and thereby in mediating PMN-dependent lung infiammatory injury. The proposed studies will use molecular, genefic. and physiological approaches in EC monolayers co-cultured with PMNs and mouse lung models (including the recentiy developed TRPM2(-/-) mice). These data will provide new insights into the mechanisms of acute lung injury and specifically theTRPM2-activated pathways that mediate lung injury. Furthermore, we believe that it will be possible, with a new understanding of this transcellular cross-talk, to block inappropriate neutrophil-EC interacfions and PMN-mediated lung injury by interfering with TRPM2-activated signaling pathways.
Project 1 of this Program seeks to define the properties of a calcium-permeable plasma membrane channel on lung endothelial cells that is acfivated by the interaction of endothelial cells with activated circulating neutrophils. We will study the role that this interacfion and channel acfivafion has on inflammatory injury in the lung vasculature and identify potential therapeutic targets in the signaling pathways.
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|Di, Anke; Kiya, Tomohiro; Gong, Haixia et al. (2017) Role of the phagosomal redox-sensitive TRP channel TRPM2 in regulating bactericidal activity of macrophages. J Cell Sci 130:735-744|
|Mittal, Manish; Nepal, Saroj; Tsukasaki, Yoshikazu et al. (2017) Response by Mittal et al to Letter Regarding Article, ""Neutrophil Activation of Endothelial Cell-Expressed TRPM2 Mediates Transendothelial Neutrophil Migration and Vascular Injury"". Circ Res 121:e87|
|Cheng, Kwong Tai; Xiong, Shiqin; Ye, Zhiming et al. (2017) Caspase-11-mediated endothelial pyroptosis underlies endotoxemia-induced lung injury. J Clin Invest 127:4124-4135|
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|Li, Liping; Sheng, Yue; Li, Wenshu et al. (2017) ?-Catenin Is a Candidate Therapeutic Target for Myeloid Neoplasms with del(5q). Cancer Res 77:4116-4126|
|Evans, Colin E; Zhao, You-Yang (2017) Molecular Basis of Nitrative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Pulmonary Hypertension. Adv Exp Med Biol 967:33-45|
|Tsang, Kit Man; Hyun, James S; Cheng, Kwong Tai et al. (2017) Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation to Functional Arterial Endothelial Cells through Sequential Activation of ETV2 and NOTCH1 Signaling by HIF1?. Stem Cell Reports 9:796-806|
|Zhang, Chongxu; Adamos, Crystal; Oh, Myung-Jin et al. (2017) oxLDL induces endothelial cell proliferation via Rho/ROCK/Akt/p27kip1 signaling: opposite effects of oxLDL and cholesterol loading. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 313:C340-C351|
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