We propose to submit a new PPG application to facilitate study of the role of the innate immune system in atherogenesis. Once initiated, atherosclerosis has all the characteristics of a chronic inflammatory disease and each Project Leader of the proposed PPG has contributed importantly to the recognition that immunological mechanisms play a central role in modulating disease progression. In vivo studies and our own data suggest that TLRs, which play critical roles in pathogen recognition, also modify atherosclerosis by mediating inflammatory responses to modified lipoproteins and proatherogenic ligands. We propose to use a combination of in vitro and in vivo approaches to understand the regulation of innate immune responses to relevant """"""""pathogens"""""""", and their impact on inflammation and atherosclerosis. There is extensive evidence that PPARg and PPARd ligands inhibit inflammatory processes, including TLR-dependent mechanisms, and we will use a combination of molecular, cellular and genomics approaches to understand how they control programs of inflammatory gene expression in macrophages and other cells in the artery. Specifically, we will test the hypothesis that NCoR/SMRT/SUMOylation-dependent pathway plays an important role in vitro and in vivo in mediating the anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects of PPARg and that PPARd regulates the inflammatory state by control of the concentrations of free and nuclear receptor-bound fractions of the co-repressors BCL-6 and SMRT. The relevance of these observations for atherogenesis will be tested using a variety of unique gene targeted murine models. TLRs of innate immunity sense pathogens, both exogenous and endogenous and induce proinflammatory, proatherogenic responses in macrophages and other cells. Using a variety of unique genetic models, we will determine the coreceptors that pair with TR2 to promote atherosclerosis, the ligands with which they interact, and the molecular and cellular mechanisms responsible. A third focus on innate immunity will be on innate B-1 cells and the IgM natural antibodies (NAbs) they secrete, which appear to target oxidation-specific epitopes as found on OxLDL and apoptotic cells. Using reconstituted mice in which all plasma IgM are NAbs, we will explore their role in atherosclerosis and homeostasis. We will explore the regulation of B-1 cells by TLRs and by nuclear receptors and determine the molecular pathways by which this occurs. In summary, our studies will lead to an increased understanding of the innate network of immune regulation, which could lead to novel therapeutic options to control inflammation and atherosclerosis.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HL088093-05
Application #
8251188
Study Section
Heart, Lung, and Blood Initial Review Group (HLBP)
Program Officer
Kirby, Ruth
Project Start
2008-05-15
Project End
2014-03-31
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2014-03-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$2,585,410
Indirect Cost
$468,768
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
Sherman, Mara H; Yu, Ruth T; Tseng, Tiffany W et al. (2017) Stromal cues regulate the pancreatic cancer epigenome and metabolome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:1129-1134
Fan, Weiwei; Evans, Ronald M (2017) Exercise Mimetics: Impact on Health and Performance. Cell Metab 25:242-247
Choi, Soo-Ho; Sviridov, Dmitri; Miller, Yury I (2017) Oxidized cholesteryl esters and inflammation. Biochim Biophys Acta 1862:393-397
He, Nanhai; Fan, Weiwei; Henriquez, Brian et al. (2017) Metabolic control of regulatory T cell (Treg) survival and function by Lkb1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:12542-12547
Shalapour, Shabnam; Lin, Xue-Jia; Bastian, Ingmar N et al. (2017) Inflammation-induced IgA+ cells dismantle anti-liver cancer immunity. Nature 551:340-345
van Capelleveen, Julian C; Bernelot Moens, Sophie J; Yang, Xiaohong et al. (2017) Apolipoprotein C-III Levels and Incident Coronary Artery Disease Risk: The EPIC-Norfolk Prospective Population Study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 37:1206-1212
Fan, Weiwei; Waizenegger, Wanda; Lin, Chun Shi et al. (2017) PPAR? Promotes Running Endurance by Preserving Glucose. Cell Metab 25:1186-1193.e4
Doktorova, Marcela; Zwarts, Irene; Zutphen, Tim van et al. (2017) Intestinal PPAR? protects against diet-induced obesity, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Sci Rep 7:846
Wang, Jianrong; He, Nanhai; Zhang, Na et al. (2017) NCoR1 restrains thymic negative selection by repressing Bim expression to spare thymocytes undergoing positive selection. Nat Commun 8:959
Liu, Chao; Gaudet, Daniel; Miller, Yury I (2017) Deficient Cholesterol Esterification in Plasma of apoc2 Knockout Zebrafish and Familial Chylomicronemia Patients. PLoS One 12:e0169939

Showing the most recent 10 out of 144 publications