Infiltration and activation of inflammatory leukocytes drive the pathophysiology of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), two lung inflammatory diseases (LIDs) that produce signiflcant human suffering and consume considerable medical resources. Eosinophils and neutrophils express different members of the siglec family of glycan binding proteins, and siglec activation on either cell population suppresses lung inflammation by inducing granulocyte apoptosis. In humans, eosinophils express Siglec-8 and neutrophils express Siglec-9. Candidate ligands that bind these siglecs were identified through in vitro glycan array screening, predicting key structural features to be expected of potent, endogenous siglec counter-receptors. However, endogenous glycan counter-receptors for Siglec-8 and -9, as well as the proteins or lipids to which they are attached remain to be determined. Furthermore, the mechanisms that control the expression of siglec counter-receptors are unknown, but, if understood, could be invoked to facilitate granulocyte apoptosis through enhanced counter-receptor synthesis. HYPOTHESIS: The expression of endogenous siglec counter-receptors is regulated by innate signaling mechanisms that coordinate the presentation of potent pro- and anti-infiammatory glycans.
AIMS : The total glycome of human lung tissue and isolated cell types will be characterized by mass spectrometry and orthogonal analytic approaches to define the full diversity of potential siglec counter-receptor configurations. In collaboration with Proiect 3 (Schnaar), proteomic analysis of affinity-purified materials extracted from human lung tissue will identify protein carriers that present siglec counter-receptors. Emerging evidence reveals crosstalk between siglec and toll-like receptor signaling, indicating the existence of innate regulatory networks for controlling glycan expression. Therefore, dynamic changes in cell-specific glycan expression will be assessed following cytokine or Toll-like receptor agonist administration to isolated and co-cultured lung cell types.
The aims are designed to identify the diversity of endogenous counter-receptors for siglecs and to deconvolute the signaling pathways that regulate counter-receptor expression in order to enhance the development of potent therapeutics.
This project will identify glycan structures that possess anti-inflammatory activity in lung inflammatory diseases (LID) such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The mechanism by which lung tissue and leukocytes normally control the synthesis of these anti-inflammatory glycans will also be studied in order to enhance their production and thereby reduce LID severity.
|Stowell, Sean R; Arthur, Connie M; McBride, Ryan et al. (2014) Microbial glycan microarrays define key features of host-microbial interactions. Nat Chem Biol 10:470-6|
|Kawasaki, Norihito; Rillahan, Cory D; Cheng, Tan-Yun et al. (2014) Targeted delivery of mycobacterial antigens to human dendritic cells via Siglec-7 induces robust T cell activation. J Immunol 193:1560-6|
|Kiwamoto, Takumi; Brummet, Mary E; Wu, Fan et al. (2014) Mice deficient in the St3gal3 gene product *2,3 sialyltransferase (ST3Gal-III) exhibit enhanced allergic eosinophilic airway inflammation. J Allergy Clin Immunol 133:240-7.e1-3|
|Macauley, Matthew S; Crocker, Paul R; Paulson, James C (2014) Siglec-mediated regulation of immune cell function in disease. Nat Rev Immunol 14:653-66|
|Cho, Seok Hyun; Oh, Sun Young; Lane, Andrew P et al. (2014) Regulation of nasal airway homeostasis and inflammation in mice by SHP-1 and Th2/Th1 signaling pathways. PLoS One 9:e103685|
|Fang, Ping; Zhou, Li; Zhou, Yuqi et al. (2014) Immune modulatory effects of IL-22 on allergen-induced pulmonary inflammation. PLoS One 9:e107454|
|Nix, David B; Kumagai, Tadahiro; Katoh, Toshihiko et al. (2014) Improved in-gel reductive ?-elimination for comprehensive O-linked and sulfo-glycomics by mass spectrometry. J Vis Exp :e51840|
|Rillahan, Cory D; Macauley, Matthew S; Schwartz, Erik et al. (2014) Disubstituted Sialic Acid Ligands Targeting Siglecs CD33 and CD22 Associated with Myeloid Leukaemias and B Cell Lymphomas. Chem Sci 5:2398-2406|
|Kiwamoto, Takumi; Katoh, Toshihiko; Tiemeyer, Michael et al. (2013) The role of lung epithelial ligands for Siglec-8 and Siglec-F in eosinophilic inflammation. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 13:106-11|
|Rillahan, Cory D; Schwartz, Erik; Rademacher, Christoph et al. (2013) On-chip synthesis and screening of a sialoside library yields a high affinity ligand for Siglec-7. ACS Chem Biol 8:1417-22|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 15 publications