Thematically, our interdisciplinary PPG proposal, which has undergone significant revision, explores novel molecular mechanisms to inhibit human airway smooth muscle (HASM) contraction and promote bronchodilation. The principal hypothesis states that G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) desensitization and unbiased signaling limit efficacy of conventional bronchodilators. Targeting these mechanisms will provide improved therapy for asthma. In Project 1, the mechanism by which steroids deter chronic B2-adrenergic receptor (B2AR) tachyphylaxis to 3-agonists will characterize GPCR kinase (GRK)-mediated desensitization and resensitization of the B2AR. Project 2 will advance the recent discovery of bitter taste receptors (TAS2Rs) as novel bronchodilators clarifying the role of TAS2R subtypes in ASM, their mode of regulation and means to improve their efficacy through biased agonism. In Project 3, systematic approaches to characterize the modes of B2AR and Gq-coupled receptor regulation in ASM will be defined to target GRK and arrestin regulation of B2AR desensitization and biased B2AR activation using allosteric modulators or inhibitors of Gq-coupled receptor signaling to protect against pro-contractile mediators. In Project 4, the function and regulation ofthe putative proton-sensing OGR1 in modulating ASM function will be defined, and ligands and regulatory strategies discovered to bias pleiotropic signaling of OGR1 toward pro-relaxant pathways. The four projects will be supported by Core A that will use high through-put screening of small molecule libraries, whole genome, pooled shRNA libraries and virtual screening approaches to identify targets and effectors of bronchodilation. Core B will provide all de-identified human cell and tissue models to study novel mechanisms regulating E-C coupling in HASM. Core C will provide administrative support for the program. This PPG will deliver: an improved understanding of GPCR desensitization in HASM, identify unique molecules that promote Gq-dependent bronchodilation, define novel agonists to TAS2Rs and antagonists to OGR1 to prevent bronchoconstriction.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HL114471-02
Application #
8701370
Study Section
Heart, Lung, and Blood Program Project Review Committee (HLBP)
Program Officer
Noel, Patricia
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Pennsylvania
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
City
Philadelphia
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
19104
Aisenberg, William H; Huang, Jessie; Zhu, Wanqu et al. (2016) Defining an olfactory receptor function in airway smooth muscle cells. Sci Rep 6:38231
Carr 3rd, Richard; Schilling, Justin; Song, Jianliang et al. (2016) β-arrestin-biased signaling through the β2-adrenergic receptor promotes cardiomyocyte contraction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:E4107-16
Carr 3rd, Richard; Koziol-White, Cynthia; Zhang, Jie et al. (2016) Interdicting Gq Activation in Airway Disease by Receptor-Dependent and Receptor-Independent Mechanisms. Mol Pharmacol 89:94-104
Ghosh, Arnab; Koziol-White, Cynthia J; Asosingh, Kewal et al. (2016) Soluble guanylate cyclase as an alternative target for bronchodilator therapy in asthma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:E2355-62
Xie, Yan; Jiang, Haihong; Zhang, Qian et al. (2016) Upregulation of RGS2: a new mechanism for pirfenidone amelioration of pulmonary fibrosis. Respir Res 17:103
Pera, Tonio; Penn, Raymond B (2016) Bronchoprotection and bronchorelaxation in asthma: New targets, and new ways to target the old ones. Pharmacol Ther 164:82-96
Dileepan, Mythili; Sarver, Anne E; Rao, Savita P et al. (2016) MicroRNA Mediated Chemokine Responses in Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cells. PLoS One 11:e0150842
Kim, Donghwa; Pauer, Susan H; Yong, Hwan M et al. (2016) β2-Adrenergic Receptors Chaperone Trapped Bitter Taste Receptor 14 to the Cell Surface as a Heterodimer and Exert Unidirectional Desensitization of Taste Receptor Function. J Biol Chem 291:17616-28
An, Steven S; Mitzner, Wayne; Tang, Wan-Yee et al. (2016) An inflammation-independent contraction mechanophenotype of airway smooth muscle in asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 138:294-297.e4
Billington, Charlotte K; Penn, Raymond B; Hall, Ian P (2016) β2 Agonists. Handb Exp Pharmacol :

Showing the most recent 10 out of 38 publications