This application describes a Program Project with research plan focused on neurochemical positron emission tomography (PET) studies of Parkinson disease (PD). PD is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder, and considerable progress has been made in understanding and treating the """"""""typical"""""""" movement abnormalities of resting tremor, bradykinesia and rigidity. These cardinal PD features are all initially responsive to dopamine replacement therapy, and have been investigated intensively with respect to their relationships to degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopamine projection. More recently, increased attention has focused on the """"""""non-motor"""""""" clinical aspects of PD, including cognitive, mood, chronobiological and peripheral autonomic defects. These clinical features are less reliably affected by dopaminergic therapy, and are likely to be associated with other, non-dopaminergic neural degenerations. Indeed, detailed postmortem assessments of PD brain reveal substantial neuronal losses in a variety of chemically-defined neurons, including brainstem serotonin and norepinepherine neurons and basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. Projects in our proposal will focus on dementia, depression, sleep-apnea and dysautonomia in PD patients, employing PET measures of presynaptic dopaminergic, serotoninergic and cholinergic CNS neurons and of peripheral sympathetic neurons. Results of our investigations may identify associations of non-motor PD signs and symptoms with the non-dopamiergic neuronal losses. These findings will establish additional therapeutic targets for symptomatic, but also for potential neuroprotective PD therapies. In addition, a majority of patients will be characterized with all 3 CNS PET measures. The availability of multiple markers of distinct neuronal populations involved in PD neurodegeneration will permit exploratory analyses to assess whether the degenerations are correlated (possibly manifestations of a common pathophysiology) or apparently independent (possibly a manifestation of multiple PD subtypes or pathophysiologies). Ultimately, better understanding of these non-motor features will be essential to developing future treatments that address the entire PD patient.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01NS015655-29
Application #
8128408
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZNS1-SRB-E (26))
Program Officer
Sutherland, Margaret L
Project Start
1997-07-01
Project End
2013-06-30
Budget Start
2011-07-01
Budget End
2012-06-30
Support Year
29
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$1,258,085
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
073133571
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
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Haugen, Jacob; Müller, Martijn L T M; Kotagal, Vikas et al. (2016) Prevalence of impaired odor identification in Parkinson disease with imaging evidence of nigrostriatal denervation. J Neural Transm (Vienna) 123:421-4
do Couto-Filho, Carlos Eduardo Gomes; de Moraes, Paulo Hemerson; Alonso, Maria Beatriz Carrazzone et al. (2015) Accuracy in the Diagnosis of the Mental Nerve Loop. A Comparative Study Between Panoramic Radiography and Cone Beam Computed Tomography. Int J Morphol 33:327-332

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