Purposeful human behavior requires attention, decisions and action, all basic functions mediated by brain networks primarily located in the neocortex, but modulated and shaped by sub-cortical processing. Behavioral and brain mechanisms of attention, including vigilance, orienting and perceptual and action selection, are key gateways into high-level function. Thus, in a general and even specific sense, attention, decision making and the ensuing actions define human mental activities. Deficits in these functions are common in both neurological and psychiatric disorders and can result in a wide range of higher-order behavioral deficits. We propose to establish a COBRE Center for Central Nervous System Function at Brown University that will investigate the mechanisms of higher brain function, with a focus on attention, decision making and action and disorders that modify these key systems, using a combination of genetic, behavior, and systems neuroscience approaches. This COBRE consists of five research projects led by junior faculty. Morrow will investigate the neurobiology of children diagnosed with "difficult-to-treat autism," a group that often presents with obsessive compulsive behaviors. Amso will investigate the typical development of visual selective attention and the mechanisms of its disruption in autism spectrum disorder. Worden will examine selective attention mechanisms resulting from conflict. Asaad will investigate interactions between neocortex and basal ganglia during attention-based associative decision-making. Song will investigate how multiple neural systems become integrated to select actions, such as choosing to pick up a red instead of a blue pencil. A Design and Analysis Core will facilitate the research goals of these projects and benefit the broader Brown community by developing new tools and optimizing existing ones to image brain structure and function with MRI and EEG and neural recordings;and ensuring proper experimental design and analysis procedures across projects. Project leaders will benefit from senior faculty mentors who will provide support and guidance on research, publication, and grant preparation. An Administrative Core will oversee the operations of this COBRE (Center. The COBRE Center for Central Nervous System Function will fall under the auspices of the Brown Institute for Brain Science. The COBRE Center will leverage the administrative resources available through the Brown Institute for Brain Science to ensure efficient operation and coordinate with other brain science research activities at Brown.

Public Health Relevance

Deficits in attention, decision-making and action are common in both neurological and psychiatric disorders and can result in a wide range of higher-order behavioral deficits. The research under this COBRE Center for Central Nervous System Function is relevant to disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, autism, attention deficit disorder, brain injury, optic ataxia, and depression.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
1P20GM103645-01A1
Application #
8432159
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZGM1-TWD-B (CB))
Program Officer
Canto, Maria Teresa
Project Start
2013-08-15
Project End
2018-07-31
Budget Start
2013-08-15
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$2,561,495
Indirect Cost
$786,554
Name
Brown University
Department
Neurosciences
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
001785542
City
Providence
State
RI
Country
United States
Zip Code
02912
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Im, Hee Yeon; Bédard, Patrick; Song, Joo-Hyun (2016) Long lasting attentional-context dependent visuomotor memory. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 42:1269-74
Moher, Jeff; Song, Joo-Hyun (2016) Target selection biases from recent experience transfer across effectors. Atten Percept Psychophys 78:415-26
McCarthy, J Daniel; Song, Joo-Hyun (2016) Global attention facilitates the planning, but not execution of goal-directed reaches. J Vis 16:7
Erb, Christopher D; Moher, Jeff; Sobel, David M et al. (2016) Reach tracking reveals dissociable processes underlying cognitive control. Cognition 152:114-26
Markant, Julie; Ackerman, Laura K; Nussenbaum, Kate et al. (2016) Selective attention neutralizes the adverse effects of low socioeconomic status on memory in 9-month-old infants. Dev Cogn Neurosci 18:26-33
Markant, Julie; Amso, Dima (2016) The Development of Selective Attention Orienting is an Agent of Change in Learning and Memory Efficacy. Infancy 21:154-176
Nussenbaum, Kate; Amso, Dima (2016) An Attentional Goldilocks Effect: An Optimal Amount of Social Interactivity Promotes Word Learning from Video. J Cogn Dev 17:30-40
Markant, Julie; Oakes, Lisa M; Amso, Dima (2016) Visual selective attention biases contribute to the other-race effect among 9-month-old infants. Dev Psychobiol 58:355-65
Salminen, Lauren E; Schofield, Peter R; Pierce, Kerrie D et al. (2016) Neuromarkers of the common angiotensinogen polymorphism in healthy older adults: A comprehensive assessment of white matter integrity and cognition. Behav Brain Res 296:85-93

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