Slowing the rate of increase in type 2 diabetes nationally is one of the most urgent health problems we face. Worst affected are minority populations such as the Mexican American population along the US/Mexico border, where rates have doubled over the last two decades (now over 20% of all adults). Even in children we find rates much higher than nationally of overweight and other predictors of early onset type 2 diabetes. The rate of increase shows no sign of slowing. It is difficult, therefore, to overstate the urgency of addressing effective measures to prevent diabetes in minority populations. This proposal builds on the research opportunities established in the Hispanic Health Research Center of the Lower Rio Grande Valley through NCMHD Project EXPORT (MD000170 P20). This Center of Excellence application aims to 1) understand the changes proximal to the development of overt diabetes, 2) understand the mental health impact of diabetes and the potential for early intervention, 3) utilize the strong family unit in the Mexican American population to reduce the risk of obesity and diabetes in children through parental intervention, and 4) understand how to use the successful technique of behavioral journalism and the media to change diet and physical activity behavior at the population level. The scientific focus of the Center of Excellence is thus to conduct research on the physiologic progression to diabetes and its complications among Mexican Americans, and to develop diabetes prevention strategies and test innovative approaches to effective interventions in a minority population severely affected by type 2 diabetes. We intend our Center of Excellence to be a collaborative resource for diabetes and its complications in Mexican Americans providing critical cultural understanding and appropriate tools for epidemiological, intervention, and physiologic research. The proposed Center of Excellence on Diabetes in Americans of Mexican Descent proposes an administrative core, a research core including three research projects and two pilot studies, a training core and a community engagement core.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20MD000170-10
Application #
8233945
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-DIG-B (52))
Program Officer
Tabor, Derrick C
Project Start
2003-03-03
Project End
2014-02-28
Budget Start
2012-03-01
Budget End
2014-02-28
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,380,657
Indirect Cost
$409,437
Name
University of Texas Health Science Center Houston
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
800771594
City
Houston
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77225
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Reininger, Belinda M; Barroso, Cristina S; Mitchell-Bennett, Lisa et al. (2014) Socio-ecological influences on health-care access and navigation among persons of Mexican descent living on the U.S./Mexico border. J Immigr Minor Health 16:218-28
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Sanderson, Maureen; Perez, Adriana; Weriwoh, Mirabel L et al. (2013) Perinatal factors and breast cancer risk among Hispanics. J Epidemiol Glob Health 3:89-94
Mirza, S; Hossain, Monir; Mathews, Christine et al. (2012) Type 2-diabetes is associated with elevated levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and adiponectin and low levels of leptin in a population of Mexican Americans: a cross-sectional study. Cytokine 57:136-42
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Qu, H-Q; Rentfro, A R; Lu, Y et al. (2012) Host susceptibility to tuberculosis: insights from a longitudinal study of gene expression in diabetes. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 16:370-2
Lind, Catherine; Mirchandani, Gita G; Castrucci, Brian C et al. (2012) The effects of acculturation on healthy lifestyle characteristics among Hispanic fourth-grade children in Texas public schools, 2004-2005. J Sch Health 82:166-74
Montoya, Jared A; Salinas, Jennifer J; Barroso, Cristina S et al. (2011) Nativity and nutritional behaviors in the Mexican origin population living in the US-Mexico border region. J Immigr Minor Health 13:94-100

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