The Research Core is designed to provide the long-term infrastructure support that will facilitate and guide a community based participatory research (CBPR) initiative aimed at reducing and eliminating substance abuse and HIV health disparities in the Latino population of Miami-Dade County.
Specific aims of the Core include: (1) ensuring that research personnel have the skills necessary to conduct CBPR that will lead to community involvement across all research phases of the two research subprojects of the proposed Center; (2) providing opportunities for meaningful involvement of the community in substance abuse and HIV health disparities research with Latino populations;(3) assisting the research subproject investigators with research tools and expertise for effective development and implementation of their projects;(4) stimulating new collaborative interactions among the two research subprojects, the Community Partnership/Engagement Core, the Research Education/Training Core, the entire interdisciplinary research base at FIU, and other Universities, both locally and nationally;and (5) conducting the two research subprojects that are proposed as part of the Core. These two projects will focus on the social and cultural factors underlying the twin epidemics of HIV/AIDS and substance abuse among Latino populations, the theme of our proposed Center of Excellence. Since the two research subprojects of C-SALUD will be evaluated on their own merits, the figure and table numbering of each project will be individualized and separate from the figure and table numbering ofthe proposed P-20 C-SALUD Narrative and Core(s) sections.

Public Health Relevance

The projects cover the Relevance to Public Health as noted in the NIH Fiscal Year 2010 Plan, which states that those who use illicit substances and engage in HIV sexual risk behaviors constitute the fastest growing segment of AIDS cases in the U.S. Thus, there is an urgent need for research that investigates the patterns of substance use and their implications for the transmission and acquisition of HIV in high risk Latino populations such as migrant farmworkers 18 years and older and recent Latina imminrants ages 18-23.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Exploratory Grants (P20)
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Florida International University
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Sanchez, Mariana; Dillon, Frank R; Concha, Maritza et al. (2015) The Impact of Religious Coping on the Acculturative Stress and Alcohol Use of Recent Latino Immigrants. J Relig Health 54:1986-2004
Sastre, Francisco; Sheehan, Diana M; Gonzalez, Arnaldo (2015) Dating, marriage, and parenthood for HIV-positive heterosexual Puerto Rican men: normalizing perspectives on everyday life with HIV. Am J Mens Health 9:139-49
Sheehan, Diana M; Trepka, Mary Jo; Fennie, Kristopher P et al. (2015) Rate of new HIV diagnoses among Latinos living in Florida: disparities by country/region of birth. AIDS Care 27:507-11
Sheehan, Diana M; Trepka, Mary Jo; Dillon, Frank R (2015) Latinos in the United States on the HIV/AIDS care continuum by birth country/region: a systematic review of the literature. Int J STD AIDS 26:12-Jan
Blackson, Timothy C; De La Rosa, Mario; Sanchez, Mariana et al. (2015) Latino Immigrants' Biological Parents' Histories of Substance Use Problems in Their Country of Origin Predict Their Pre- and Post-Immigration Alcohol Use Problems. Subst Abus 36:257-63
Sastre, Francisco; Rojas, Patria; Cyrus, Elena et al. (2014) Improving the health status of Caribbean people: recommendations from the Triangulating on Health Equity summit. Glob Health Promot 21:19-28
Trepka, Mary Jo; Fennie, Kristopher P; Sheehan, Diana M et al. (2014) Late HIV diagnosis: Differences by rural/urban residence, Florida, 2007-2011. AIDS Patient Care STDS 28:188-97
Sanchez, Mariana; De La Rosa, Mario; Blackson, Timothy C et al. (2014) Pre- to postimmigration alcohol use trajectories among recent Latino immigrants. Psychol Addict Behav 28:990-9
Rojas, Patria; Dillon, Frank R; Cyrus, Elena et al. (2014) Alcohol use as a determinant of HIV risk behaviors among recent Latino immigrants in south Florida. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 25:135-44
Sheehan, Diana M (2014) Marketing little cigars and cigarillos in African American communities. Am J Public Health 104:e1

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