This proposed community-based participatory research subproject is part of our P20 competitive renewal application of the NIMHD-funded Center for Substance Use and AIDS Research on Latinos in the United States (C-SALUD) at Florida International University (FIU). The proposed longitudinal study consists of 4-annual assessments of recent Latina immigrants (N=600;ages of 18-23). By partnering with local community-based organizations, our multi-disciplinary research team will: (1) elucidate culturally relevant antecedent social determinants of liability (consisting of individual, cultural, interpersonal and community/institutional determinants collectively referred to as social determinants) which predict HIV/AIDS risk behaviors (HIVR), concomitant substance use severity (SUS), HIV/AIDS diagnoses, substance use disorders (SUDs) and access to health care resources (HCR), (2) determine the moderating effects of dyadic attachments (daughter-father, daughter-mother, daughter-peers, daughter-romantic partner) on the relationship between adverse social determinants and early adult trajectories of HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and SUS, (3) clinically validate outcomes with laboratory tests (saliva, urine and blood) for alcohol plus 9-drug classes, HIV-EIA and STDs and (4) create a psychometrically sound and culturally relevant screening instrument derived from the obtained results (Latina Screening Index of Risk and Resilience-LaSIRR) which may be employed to identify recent Latina immigrants at high risk to succumb to HIV/AIDS and SUDs. Longitudinal statistical analyses will capture dynamic system interactions between change processes and causal networks to elucidate interactions among the modeled variables across 4-annual waves. Factor analyses will be applied to data obtained at baseline assessment to derive a preliminary LaSIRR to predict HIV and SUD outcomes across 3 follow-up assessments.

Public Health Relevance

The obtained results will inform social policy to develop innovative prevention and intervention strategies for recent Latina immigrants to promote their recruitment and retention into a continuum of health care prevention and intervention services which redirect their adult developmental trajectories away from potentially fatal early to mid-adult outcomes (e.g., HIV/AIDS, drug abuse) to healthy adult outcomes.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20MD002288-08
Application #
8702932
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
8
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Florida International University
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Miami
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
33199
Concha, Maritza; Sanchez, Mariana; Rojas, Patria et al. (2016) Differences in Acculturation and Trajectories of Anxiety and Alcohol Consumption Among Latina Mothers and Daughters in South Florida. J Immigr Minor Health 18:886-95
Lopez-Quintero, Catalina; Rojas, Patria; Dillon, Frank R et al. (2016) HIV testing practices among Latina women at risk of getting infected: a five-year follow-up of a community sample in South Florida. AIDS Care 28:137-46
Cano, Miguel Ángel; Castro, Yessenia; de Dios, Marcel A et al. (2016) Associations of ethnic discrimination with symptoms of anxiety and depression among Hispanic emerging adults: a moderated mediation model. Anxiety Stress Coping 29:699-707
Rojas, Patria; Huang, Hui; Li, Tan et al. (2016) Sociocultural Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviors among Adult Latinas: A Longitudinal Study of a Community-Based Sample. Int J Environ Res Public Health 13:
Cano, Miguel Ángel (2016) Intracultural Accusations of Assimilation and Alcohol Use Severity Among Hispanic Emerging Adults: Moderating Effects of Acculturation, Enculturation, and Gender. Psychol Addict Behav :
Berger Cardoso, Jodi; Ren, Yi; Swank, Paul et al. (2016) Pre- to post-immigration sexual risk behaviour and alcohol use among recent Latino immigrants in Miami. Cult Health Sex 18:1107-21
Kanamori, Mariano; Weissman, Jessica; De La Rosa, Mario et al. (2016) Latino Mother/Daughter Dyadic Attachment as a Mediator for Substance Use Disorder and Emotional Abuse. J Immigr Minor Health 18:896-903
Cano, Miguel Ángel; Sánchez, Mariana; Trepka, Mary Jo et al. (2016) Immigration Stress and Alcohol Use Severity Among Recently Immigrated Hispanic Adults: Examining Moderating Effects of Gender, Immigration Status, and Social Support. J Clin Psychol :
Messiah, Antoine; Lacoste, Jérôme; Gokalsing, Erick et al. (2016) Mental Health Impact of Hosting Disaster Refugees: Analyses from a Random Sample Survey Among Haitians Living in Miami. South Med J 109:458-64
Zevallos, Juan C; Wilcox, Meredith L; Jean, Naomie et al. (2016) Profile of the Older Population Living in Miami-Dade County, Florida: An Observational Study. Medicine (Baltimore) 95:e3630

Showing the most recent 10 out of 59 publications