In 2007, there were approximately 794,000 substantiated cases of Child Maltreatment (CM). Survey data suggests that actual rates of maltreatment are much higher, with approximately 1 in 7 youth reporting maltreatment in childhood or adolescence. CM disproportionately affects the poor, disabled children, singleparent households, and certain minority groups. The SafeCare program is an empirically-supported behavioral parent training that focuses on prevention of physical abuse and neglect for children in the highest risk age group, those 0-5 years of age. The majority of research evaluating the effectiveness of SafeCare has focused on mothers. However, national data indicate that fathers are involved in 36% of substantiated cases of maltreatment annually. We propose to augment and adapt SafeCare for fathers, and to examine the effectiveness of the intervention for improving child maltreatment-related outcomes with atrisk fathers (young, poor, low education attainment, African American). During the first year, we will engage in a development phase during which we will augment the SafeCare model with Motivational Interviewing (Ml) techniques, an evidence-based method for motivating behavior change, which will be delivered through computer software. We will also adapt components of the SafeCare PCI module to be delivered through computer technology. The computer-assisted MI-PCI intervention will be validated, utilizing single-case design methodology, with 6 fathers. Once the adapted intervention is validated, we will randomly assign 120 fathers to either the MI-PCI intervention or a wait-list control group. Father participants will be assessed prior to MI-PCI, during intervention delivery, immediately post-intervention, and at 3 month follow-up. Primary outcomes of interest include father parenting behaviors, father child maltreatment risk, father-child interaction, and child behavioral outcomes. If MI-PCI is successful in reducing CM risk for fathers, the program could reach thousands of at-risk fathers through the National SafeCare Training and Research Center.

Public Health Relevance

Thus, the potential impact ofthis project includes a reduction in CM perpetration and improved relationships among families for a large population, which will ultimately result in reduced heath disparities among children and adults in the United States.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Georgia State University
United States
Zip Code
Self-Brown, Shannon; Osborne, Melissa C; Lai, Betty S et al. (2017) Initial Findings from a Feasibility Trial Examining the SafeCare Dad to Kids Program with Marginalized Fathers. J Fam Violence 32:751-766
Fuller, Christina H; Carter, David R; Hayat, Matthew J et al. (2017) Phenology of a Vegetation Barrier and Resulting Impacts on Near-Highway Particle Number and Black Carbon Concentrations on a School Campus. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Johnson, Ryan; Ramsey-White, Kim; Fuller, Christina H (2016) Socio-demographic Differences in Toxic Release Inventory Siting and Emissions in Metro Atlanta. Int J Environ Res Public Health 13:
Rogers-Brown, Jessica; Johnson, Ryan; Smith, Dominique et al. (2016) A Pilot Study to Examine the Disparities in Water Quality between Predominantly Haitian Neighborhoods and Dominican Neighborhoods in Two Cities in the Dominican Republic. Int J Environ Res Public Health 13:ijerph13010039
Cooper, Hannah L F; Bonney, Loida; Luo, Ruiyan et al. (2016) Public Housing Relocations and Partnership Dynamics in Areas With High Prevalences of Sexually Transmitted Infections. Sex Transm Dis 43:222-30
Bortz, Martin; Kano, Megumi; Ramroth, Heribert et al. (2015) Disaggregating health inequalities within Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2002-2010, by applying an urban health inequality index. Cad Saude Publica 31 Suppl 1:107-19
Solt, Michael J; Deocampo, Daniel M; Norris, Michelle (2015) Spatial distribution of lead in Sacramento, California, USA. Int J Environ Res Public Health 12:3174-87
Rothenberg, Richard; Stauber, Christine; Weaver, Scott et al. (2015) Urban health indicators and indices--current status. BMC Public Health 15:494
Zhu, Meiying; Li, Jiang; Li, Zhiyuan et al. (2015) Mortality rates and the causes of death related to diabetes mellitus in Shanghai Songjiang District: an 11-year retrospective analysis of death certificates. BMC Endocr Disord 15:45
Rothenberg, Richard; Weaver, Scott R; Dai, Dajun et al. (2014) A flexible urban health index for small area disparities. J Urban Health 91:823-35

Showing the most recent 10 out of 16 publications