This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most common knee surgeries performed in the United States. Patients with TKA exhibit qualitative and quantitative deficits in functional tasks. Shortened stride length and limited knee excursion during weight acceptance is a common finding after TKA. The cause of persistent disability and aberrant movement patterns in individuals who have undergone TKA is unclear, but quadriceps weakness is a likely contributor. Quadriceps weakness is a common and persistent impairment after TKA and has been correlated with poor functional performance in older adults. Weakness is often pronounced even years after knee replacement surgery with deficits ranging from 30% to 40% when compared to age-matched comparison groups. The overall goal of this work is to determine if rehabilitation that normalizes quadriceps strength between limbs after TKA will result in symmetrical loading of the hips and knees and ultimately decrease the progression of contralateral hip and knee OA after primary TKA. Dr. Snyder-Mackler is a full professor and will not have a mentor.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20RR016458-10
Application #
8359773
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-5 (01))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-07-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$276,514
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Delaware
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
059007500
City
Newark
State
DE
Country
United States
Zip Code
19716
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Pozzi, Federico; Marmon, Adam R; Snyder-Mackler, Lynn et al. (2016) Lower leg compensatory strategies during performance of a step up and over task in patient six-months after total knee arthroplasty. Gait Posture 49:41-46
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Pozzi, Federico; Snyder-Mackler, Lynn; Zeni Jr, Joseph (2015) Relationship between biomechanical asymmetries during a step up and over task and stair climbing after total knee arthroplasty. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 30:78-85
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