This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. A myriad of studies have identified that people with medial knee OA (MKOA) typically have weak quadriceps femoris muscles, excessive knee adduction moments and excessive mediolateral joint laxity all of which can contribute to erosion of cartilage in the knee. However, other than quadriceps strengthening programs, there is a dearth of rehabilitation strategies that have shown marked improvement of joint function. The long term goal of this work is to develop patient specific rehabilitation programs to help improve function while reducing the progression of MKOA. The goal of the proposed work is to understand how quadriceps strength, knee stiffness, proprioception and instability contribute to disease progression and if medial muscle co-contraction is a strategy that will reduce or exacerbate the progression of OA. The knowledge gained in the study will allow us to understand which modifiable characteristics (knee stiffness and instability, and medial muscle co-contraction) will improve knee function without further joint damage and to develop screening tools that properly identify patients who will benefit from the rehabilitation programs. Dr. Buchanan will serve as scientific mentor and Dr. Snyder-Mackler will be career mentor.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20RR016458-10
Application #
8359774
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-5 (01))
Project Start
2011-06-01
Project End
2012-07-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$285,987
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Delaware
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Schools of Engineering
DUNS #
059007500
City
Newark
State
DE
Country
United States
Zip Code
19716
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