This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. Successive to continuing comparative investigations regarding the characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) cultured in hyperbaric environments, this study will examine the reduction rate changes and residual accumulations induced as P. aeruginosa switches from aerobic to anaerobic denitrification under normobaric and hyperbaric conditions. Results of preliminary aerobic normobaric and hyperbaric denitrification studies distinguish contrasting commencement delays, reduction rates and residual accumulations, suggesting that P. aeruginosa may select alternative oxidation-reduction systems in the transition between normoxic and hyperoxic conditions. Of particular interest to this study, will be the increased cell-cell adhesion phenomenon (biofilm or biofilm-like formation) that has been observed in previous hyperbaric studies. This increased cell association, at the atmosphere-media interface, has the propensity to produce microenvironments that could differ dramatically in composition, thereby significantly affecting the aforementioned characteristics of denitrification. Results from these studies may have relevance to issues surrounding Pseudomonas spp. involvement in the epidemiology, pathology and chemotherapy of external and middle ear infections of personnel living in extreme environments (i.e., submarines, space stations and undersea habitats), synergetic chemotherapeutic and hyperbaric oxygen treatment of severe burn victims, and multi-staged nitrate bioremediation processes.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20RR016479-11
Application #
8360646
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-4 (01))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
11
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$4,981
Indirect Cost
Name
University of South Dakota
Department
Other Basic Sciences
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
929930808
City
Vermillion
State
SD
Country
United States
Zip Code
57069
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