This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. An understanding of the mechanisms regulating differentiation is clearly relevant to understanding and treatment of cancer and many other diseases, and will be necessary to make tissue differentiation in vitro or from stem cells a reality. Differentiation of tissue types results from differential gene expression, regulated in part at the level of the transcriptome. The homeodomain transcription factor Pax6 regulates eye-specific gene expression in such diverse metazoans as the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, mice and humans. Temporal and spatial information provided by signaling pathways is also essential for eye development. However, the transcriptional networks that govern eye development are extremely complex, and traditional genetic approaches alone have not been able to untangle the relationships among the individual factors. What is needed is a complete knowledge of the genes involved and how they interact with one another. Recent advances in massively parallel sequencing have made possible new approaches to transcriptome analysis. A complete understanding of the transcriptional networks that regulate differentiation of the eye will require knowledge of how the intrinsic input from tissue-specific transcription factors like Pax6 is integrated with extrinsic input from signaling pathways. Using the D. melanogaster eye as a model, massively parallel sequencing will be used to identify transcriptional targets potentially co-regulated by Pax6 and by signaling pathways important for eye development. Subsequently, computational approaches will be used to identify genes with similar expression profiles, and to identify genes directly regulated by Pax6 and the nuclear effectors of these signaling pathways.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20RR016480-11
Application #
8359761
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-4 (01))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
11
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$107,416
Indirect Cost
Name
New Mexico State University Las Cruces
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
173851965
City
Las Cruces
State
NM
Country
United States
Zip Code
88003
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