This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. This project aims to develop drug carriers that can both act as ultrasound contrast agents and therapeutic delivery vehicles activated by specific ultrasound pulses. These carriers must contain both a gas component for ultrasound contrast as well as a therapeutic molecule that retains its bioactivity once delivered to a target site. The carrier formulations under investigation are made primarily of lipids and inert gases for biocompatibility. Challenges include incorporating an effective amount of therapeutic molecules without compromising contrast abilities. These challenges are being overcome through chemical conjugation of a therapeutic molecule to the lipids composing the microbubble shell. Intermediate goals include lipid-based particles that can release drug upon insonation but lack substantial contrast enhancing capabilities, such as liposomal formulations. Ensuring that the formulation is still capable of ultrasound contrast enhancement as well as ultrasound destruction is an additional intermediate goal. To further multi-level targeting, various targeting ligands can also be conjugated to the microbubble shell. Initially, toxicity assays in cell culture are used in conjunction with fluorescence microscopy to determine intracellular uptake of both the drug and the lipid vehicle. Flow cytometry will also be employed to validate induction of apoptosis as opposed to cytostatic affects or necrosis.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20RR016480-11
Application #
8359767
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-4 (01))
Project Start
2011-03-01
Project End
2012-02-29
Budget Start
2011-03-01
Budget End
2012-02-29
Support Year
11
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$128,885
Indirect Cost
Name
New Mexico State University Las Cruces
Department
Chemistry
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
173851965
City
Las Cruces
State
NM
Country
United States
Zip Code
88003
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