The central theme of the UT Southwestern ADC is that vascular and inflammatory risk factors in elderly individuals influence the course of AD, MCI and FTLD, and that such factors constitute endophenotypes. A requirement of such endophenotypes is that they be measurable by quantitative psychometric, physiologic, neuroimaging, or biochemical methods. Over the next 5 years, the Clinical Core will carry out studies aimed at developing methods to study these vascular and inflammatory endophenotypes and assess their contribution to AD, MCI, FTLD and normal aging. Our specific hypothesis is that the age of onset and rate of progression of patients presenting with early-stage AD (including MCI) and FTLD are related to the presence of vascular and inflammatory endophenotypes. This hypothesis reflects the interests of Center investigators as well as the expertise of other investigators at UT Southwestern Medical Center. While this theme is our focus, the UTSW ADC also functions the academic home of dementia-related research on campus, and works to foster and support investigator-initiated research projects at UTSW and related institutions. This includes creating a forum for interactions among scientists from various departments and facilitating research across disciplines. The UTSW ADC runs a highly successful Pilot Grants Program, which has attracted promising young investigators to the field who have gone on to win independent extramural funding. Finally, the UTSW ADC continues its productive participation by UT Southwestern in multi-institutional collaborative studies.

Public Health Relevance

The development of successful therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) will require a thorough understanding of the pathologic mechanisms that contribute to neurodegeneration. Data from epidemiologic and observational studies indicates that vascular and inflammatory pathology contributes to AD. The goal of the UTSW ADC is to identify biomarkers of vascular and inflammatory pathology that will be useful for selection of participants in clinical trials.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30AG012300-20
Application #
8688108
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-5)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-07-01
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
20
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$274,428
Indirect Cost
$101,832
Name
University of Texas Sw Medical Center Dallas
Department
Type
DUNS #
800771545
City
Dallas
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
75390
Kirson, Noam Y; Scott Andrews, J; Desai, Urvi et al. (2018) Patient Characteristics and Outcomes Associated with Receiving an Earlier Versus Later Diagnosis of Probable Alzheimer's Disease. J Alzheimers Dis 61:295-307
Pottier, Cyril; Zhou, Xiaolai; Perkerson 3rd, Ralph B et al. (2018) Potential genetic modifiers of disease risk and age at onset in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration and GRN mutations: a genome-wide association study. Lancet Neurol 17:548-558
Crum, Jana; Wilson, Jeffrey; Sabbagh, Marwan (2018) Does taking statins affect the pathological burden in autopsy-confirmed Alzheimer's dementia? Alzheimers Res Ther 10:104
Weintraub, Sandra; Besser, Lilah; Dodge, Hiroko H et al. (2018) Version 3 of the Alzheimer Disease Centers' Neuropsychological Test Battery in the Uniform Data Set (UDS). Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 32:10-17
Burke, Shanna L; Cadet, Tamara; Maddux, Marlaina (2018) Chronic Health Illnesses as Predictors of Mild Cognitive Impairment Among African American Older Adults. J Natl Med Assoc 110:314-325
Wilmoth, Kristin; LoBue, Christian; Clem, Matthew A et al. (2018) Consistency of traumatic brain injury reporting in older adults with and without cognitive impairment. Clin Neuropsychol 32:524-529
Kamara, Dennis M; Gangishetti, Umesh; Gearing, Marla et al. (2018) Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy: Similarity in African-Americans and Caucasians with Alzheimer's Disease. J Alzheimers Dis 62:1815-1826
Ting, Simon Kang Seng; Foo, Heidi; Chia, Pei Shi et al. (2018) Dyslexic Characteristics of Chinese-Speaking Semantic Variant of Primary Progressive Aphasia. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 30:31-37
Kaur, Antarpreet; Edland, Steven D; Peavy, Guerry M (2018) The MoCA-Memory Index Score: An Efficient Alternative to Paragraph Recall for the Detection of Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 32:120-124
Brenowitz, Willa D; Han, Fang; Kukull, Walter A et al. (2018) Treated hypothyroidism is associated with cerebrovascular disease but not Alzheimer's disease pathology in older adults. Neurobiol Aging 62:64-71

Showing the most recent 10 out of 385 publications