The Population Aging Research Center (PARC) at the University of Pennsylvania proposes a 5-year continuation of its existing P30 Center, with the following five signatures themes for 2014-2019: i) Health, disease, and mortality risks at older ages, incorporating race and gender differences, including period and cohort risks and their underlying social and biological mechanisms;ii) Early-life conditions and older adult health, behavior, and well-being: an exploration of early developmental circumstances that may be crucial for shaping how we grow old, including nutrition, infectious disease, social support, education, and gene-environment interactions prenatally and during childhood;iii) Global aging: sociocultural, economic, and environmental circumstances impacting the well-being of older individuals around the world;consequences for health and aging of lifestyle changes on rapidly transitioning developing countries;iv) Biodemographical and evolutionary approaches to life history, including innovative analytic methodologies for collecting and analyzing metabolic, and genetic biomarkers of aging, evaluation of non-human animal models for explaining human aging trajectories, and use of evolutionary frameworks for re-interpreting data and generating new testable hypotheses;v) Domestic/international perspectives on well-being at older ages, emphasizing lifecycle decision-making and old-age financial security and their interactions with changing work patterns, family support, savings and pensions, health insurance, and health care systems. Attentive to the current budgetary situation, PARC has restructured and streamlined its operations to propose a smaller, but highly efficient and productive Center that is the hub of research activity of 35 Research Associates working on aging-related issues. Three Cores are proposed: Core A: """"""""Administrative & Research Support""""""""(Valeggia, PI) to provide dedicated administrative and data management services to Associates, convene an External Advisory Committee, and establish an initiative aimed at increasing the number of NIH/NIA grant applications, especially from Pilot projects Pi's;Core B: """"""""Program Development"""""""" (Valeggia, PI) to sustain &evaluate the Pilot Program;support is requested for three 2-year pilots that emphasize one or more signature themes;Core C: """"""""External Innovative Network"""""""" (Behrman, PI) to expand and strengthen five research &collaboration networks: the Latin American Network on Aging (LANA), the Network on Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa (NASSA), the Evolutionary Network (EvoDemo), the Network on Effects of Early Life on Mature Adults (NEELMA), and the Network on Migration Advantage (NeMA).
PARC shapes public health policy in several ways: Through its Pilot Program, our research associates evaluate new hypotheses, focusing on health and well-being at older ages as an outcome of the life-long interaction of health and wealth over the entire life cycle. Innovative research on the genetic variation and evolutionary processes associated with chronic diseases. We also focus on the health trajectories of mature adults in different locations around the world, including migration effects.
|Elo, Irma T; Mehta, Neil; Preston, Samuel (2017) The Contribution of Weight Status to Black-White Differences in Mortality. Biodemography Soc Biol 63:206-220|
|Anglewicz, Philip; VanLandingham, Mark; Manda-Taylor, Lucinda et al. (2017) Cohort profile: internal migration in sub-Saharan Africa-The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) study. BMJ Open 7:e014799|
|Mehta, Neil; Elo, Irma; Stenholm, Sari et al. (2017) International Differences in the Risk of Death from Smoking and Obesity: The Case of the United States and Finland. SSM Popul Health 3:141-152|
|Frye, Margaret; Chae, Sophia (2017) Physical attractiveness and women's HIV risk in rural Malawi. Demogr Res 37:251-294|
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|Corley, Margaret; Valeggia, Claudia; Fernandez-Duque, Eduardo (2017) Hormonal correlates of development and natal dispersal in wild female owl monkeys (Aotus azarae) of Argentina. Horm Behav 96:42-51|
|Peltonen, Riina; Ho, Jessica Y; Elo, Irma T et al. (2017) Contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to life expectancy differences by marital status among Finnish men and women, 1971-2010. Demogr Res 36:255-280|
|Fernandez-Duque, Eduardo (2016) Social monogamy in wild owl monkeys (Aotus azarae) of Argentina: the potential influences of resource distribution and ranging patterns. Am J Primatol 78:355-71|
|Fedor, Theresa M; Kohler, Hans-Peter; McMahon, James M (2016) Changing attitudes and beliefs towards a woman's right to protect against HIV risk in Malawi. Cult Health Sex 18:435-52|
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