The Neuropathology Core is an essential part of the Alzheimer's Disease Core Center (ADCC). During life, the signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are not sufficiently different from several other conditions, resulting in misdiagnosis, even at the most advanced centers, in about 25% of subjects. Examination of the brain after death by a certified Neuropathologist is therefore the only means by which a definite diagnosis can be attained, allowing all research results to be correctly interpreted. A second major role of the Neuropathology Core is to provide neuropathologically characterized brain tissue to basic scientists, both within the ADCC and outside it, enabling them to discover the underlying molecular mechanisms of disease and design appropriate therapeutic interventions. A detailed understanding of the genetic and molecular processes of disease pathogenesis, obtained by comparative study of diseased and non-diseased brain tissue, remains the major approach to finding such interventions. A third important goal of the Neuropathology Core is to help develop a collaborative synergy that will enhance the research productivity of the entire Center.
Our Specific Aims are as follows: 1)To provide precise neuropathoiogic diagnoses of patients that have been clinically studied by the Cinical Core. 2) To provide basic scientists with neuropathologically characterized brain tissue suitable for the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of AD and related disorders, and especially to assist researchers in their studies of the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease, with the goal of identifying therapeutic strategies that will prevent the disease or slow its progress. 3) To share neuropathological skills, expertise, knowledge and data with all ADCC investigators and the scientific community at large, facilitating a collaborative synergy that will enhance the research productivity of all.
The Arizona Alzheimer's Disease Center's Neuropathology Core provides autopsy services; brain measurements and diagnoses; and brain and body samples from research participants in the Clinical Core who have died and donated their brains (and sometimes their bodies) to advance the scientific understanding; treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease. It works closely with the other Cores and plays a critical role in the scientific fight against Alzheimer's Disease.
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