We propose a renewal to our currently funded NIA Roybal Center for Translational Research on Aging at Princeton University, with the overall objectives of (1) Exploring the unique components of experiential wellbeing (ExpWB) through the measurement of positive and negative experiences in the context of the DRM, and continuing to explore the relationship between ExpWB and evaluative measures (EvalWB) such as the Cantril ladder and life satisfaction measures;(2) continuing to explore the magnitude of survey mode effects, contextual effects, and other biases in existing measures of both ExSWB and EvalWB and methods for mitigating them;(3) investigating the extent to which people's perceptions of their SWB adapts to changes in life circumstances (e.g. longterm unemployment, chronic disease, and widowhood) and how those relationships differ over the lifecycle;(4) Exploring the 2010 and new 2012 combined affect and time use data collected by the U.S. Department of Labor Statistics. The overall goal is to enhance our ability to understand numerous facets of the aging process by clearly separating actual experiences of daily life from the cognitive processes that give rise to reports of life satisfaction or overall happiness. As per the goals of the Roybal RFA, we do not expect to produce definitive answers to all of questions addressed in the proposal;our goal is to extend the work from the current grant to support subsequent large-scale studies.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed research will increase our ability to accurately assess the activities, emotions, and symptoms of peoples'everyday lives, which has wide application for policy, social science and medical research.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1)
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Nielsen, Lisbeth
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Princeton University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Christodoulou, Christopher; Schneider, Stefan; Stone, Arthur A (2014) Validation of a Brief Yesterday Measure of Hedonic Well-Being and Daily Activities: Comparison with the Day Reconstruction Method. Soc Indic Res 115:907-917
Schneider, Stefan; Stone, Arthur A (2014) Distinguishing between frequency and intensity of health-related symptoms from diary assessments. J Psychosom Res 77:205-12
Deaton, Angus; Stone, Arthur A (2014) Evaluative and hedonic wellbeing among those with and without children at home. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:1328-33
Krueger, Alan B; Stone, Arthur A (2014) Psychology and economics. Progress in measuring subjective well-being. Science 346:42-3
Rolison, Jonathan J; Hanoch, Yaniv; Miron-Shatz, Talya (2012) Smokers: at risk for prostate cancer but unlikely to screen. Addict Behav 37:736-8
Deaton, Angus (2012) The financial crisis and the well-being of Americans. Oxf Econ Pap 64:1-26
Stone, Arthur A; Schwartz, Joseph E; Broderick, Joan E et al. (2010) A snapshot of the age distribution of psychological well-being in the United States. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:9985-90
Depp, Colin A; Schkade, David A; Thompson, Wesley K et al. (2010) Age, affective experience, and television use. Am J Prev Med 39:173-8
Kahneman, Daniel; Deaton, Angus (2010) High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:16489-93
Morewedge, Carey K; Kahneman, Daniel (2010) Associative processes in intuitive judgment. Trends Cogn Sci 14:435-40

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