The UCSF-GIVI CFAR Immunology Core is dedicated to stimulating translational research that explores and defines the immunological abnormalities present in HIV infection and that promotes improvements in the care of HIV-infected patients at both domestic and international sites. To accomplish this goal, the Core offers a wide array of immunological services including multiparameter flow cytometric assays of immune cell phenotype and immune function (proliferation, cytotoxicity, cytokine production and cell signaling);specialized tissue processing of bone marrow, lymph node and gut associated lymphoid tissues plus isolation of specific subsets of lymphocytes by immunomagnetic bead or FACS sorting and analysis of downstream signaling pathways within these purified cell subsets. Overall, the Core provides four complementary lines of service including: 1) customized immune assays designed to meet individual investigator needs;2) access to state-of-the-art flow cytometry including infected and uninfected cell sorting and cell analysis;3) development and optimization of new immunological assays, technologies and related services and 4) training, mentoring and education of early-career investigators, senior investigators from other disciplines, and laboratory staff. The Core provides services from two different campus sites including the Core Immunology Laboratory located within the Division of Experimental Medicine at the San Francisco General Hospital and the Gladstone Flow Core located at Mission Bay. During the last funding period, the Immunology Core supported 80 different studies from 65 different investigators, introduced 28 new immune assays, developed sixty-five 6-12 color flow cytometry panels, contributed to 59 peer-reviewed publications, trained 45 young investigators and helped leverage more than 15 million dollars in new grant support. A new top priority for the Immunology Core involves enhancing immunological expertise and capacity in Tororo, Uganda and providing mentoring and training in translational immunology to investigators at this site. The core will also continue to evaluate and introduce new technologies to accelerate the research progress of CFAR investigators including the use of intracellular branched DNA technology for detection of latent HIV infection and the use of microparticles to stage cardiovascular disease during HIV infection.

Public Health Relevance

The Immunology Core provides state-of-the art immunology assay service and instrumentation in support of basic, translational and multidisciplinary research projects that investigate the complex interactions between HIV, the immune response to HIV, and novel therapeutic interventions aimed at modifying the immune response or eradicating latent infection.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30AI027763-22
Application #
8485503
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-RRS-A)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
22
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$769,690
Indirect Cost
$114,699
Name
University of California San Francisco
Department
Type
DUNS #
094878337
City
San Francisco
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94143
Dubé, Karine; Gianella, Sara; Concha-Garcia, Susan et al. (2018) Ethical considerations for HIV cure-related research at the end of life. BMC Med Ethics 19:83
Libby, Ashley Rg; Joy, David A; So, Po-Lin et al. (2018) Spatiotemporal mosaic self-patterning of pluripotent stem cells using CRISPR interference. Elife 7:
Haas, Andreas D; Zaniewski, Elizabeth; Anderegg, Nanina et al. (2018) Retention and mortality on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: collaborative analyses of HIV treatment programmes. J Int AIDS Soc 21:
Jin, Harry; Ogunbajo, Adedotun; Mimiaga, Matthew J et al. (2018) Over the influence: The HIV care continuum among methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men. Drug Alcohol Depend 192:125-128
Manuzak, Jennifer A; Gott, Toni M; Kirkwood, Jay S et al. (2018) Heavy Cannabis Use Associated With Reduction in Activated and Inflammatory Immune Cell Frequencies in Antiretroviral Therapy-Treated Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Individuals. Clin Infect Dis 66:1872-1882
Jiang, Guochun; Nguyen, Don; Archin, Nancie M et al. (2018) HIV latency is reversed by ACSS2-driven histone crotonylation. J Clin Invest 128:1190-1198
Hansen, Maike M K; Desai, Ravi V; Simpson, Michael L et al. (2018) Cytoplasmic Amplification of Transcriptional Noise Generates Substantial Cell-to-Cell Variability. Cell Syst 7:384-397.e6
Hogan, Louise E; Vasquez, Joshua; Hobbs, Kristen S et al. (2018) Increased HIV-1 transcriptional activity and infectious burden in peripheral blood and gut-associated CD4+ T cells expressing CD30. PLoS Pathog 14:e1006856
Shiboski, Caroline H; Baer, Alan N; Shiboski, Stephen C et al. (2018) Natural History and Predictors of Progression to Sjögren's Syndrome Among Participants of the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance Registry. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 70:284-294
Grover, Surbhi; Desir, Fidel; Jing, Yuezhou et al. (2018) Reduced Cancer Survival Among Adults With HIV and AIDS-Defining Illnesses Despite No Difference in Cancer Stage at Diagnosis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 79:421-429

Showing the most recent 10 out of 1541 publications