The HIV in Women and Underserved Populations Core is co-directed by Drs. Susan Cu-Uvin and Timothy P. Flanigan. Women and vulnerable populations continue to be at risk for HIV and to suffer the consequences of the epidemic with a distinct set of challenges. The Core has a broad range of expertise in research as well as clinical experience in working with women and underserved populations. It has the capability and vision to outline the pressing issues that face the CFAR and the community which can lead to innovative translational research relevant to women and underserved populations. The specific goals of the HIV in Women and Underserved Population Core are to 1) to provide mentoring and expertise/consultation relevant to HIV in women and underserved populations to the CFAR community;2) to provide essential services to CFAR investigators such as training in specific skill sets and gynecologic services necessary to carry out projects involving HIV infected women and hard to reach populations;3) to provide leadership in research and educational activities related to HIV in women and underserved populations within the CFAR and its community;with CFAR-CFAR collaborations;with NIH;with HIV Networks;and with our international partners. Core services include: a)Mentoring and support of students, postdocs, junior investigators with a focus on HIV and women and underserved populations, b) Expertise in protocol design, assessment, recruitment, enrollment, follow up of women and underserved populations, c) Particular expertise has been developed in correctional community interventions to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy and retention in care among men and women leaving correctional settings, d) Study design, trouble shooting and workshops on clinical research in HIV within corrections has been a focus of the core, e) Study cohort availability, f) In collaboration with the Virology Core, specimen/repository access (cervicovaginal lavage, supernatant, pellets, plasma), g) Gynecologic specimen collection training and STD diagnosis and h) Colposcopy and biopsy for women's related studies (HPV vaccines, microbicides). For the past 4 years, the Core has served 60 investigators resulting in 30 grants and 309 publications involving Core faculty and users.

Public Health Relevance

A significant amount of HIV research related to women and underserved populations require specific skill sets and approaches, a training that is not readily available to many investigators. Examples are gynecologic examinations, STI diagnosis, and collection of specimen, implementation of HIV testing in underserved populations and community and corrections based interventions. The Core not only provides scientific leadership in this field of study but provides mentoring and training to achieve these scientific goals.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-RRS-A)
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Miriam Hospital
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Peterson, James; Cota, Michelle; Gray, Holly et al. (2015) Technology use in linking criminal justice reentrants to HIV care in the community: a qualitative formative research study. J Health Commun 20:245-51
Livingston, Nicholas A; Oost, Kathryn M; Heck, Nicholas C et al. (2015) The role of personality in predicting drug and alcohol use among sexual minorities. Psychol Addict Behav 29:414-9
Genberg, Becky L; Lee, Yoojin; Rogers, William H et al. (2015) Four types of barriers to adherence of antiretroviral therapy are associated with decreased adherence over time. AIDS Behav 19:85-92
Larney, Sarah; Mahowald, Madeline K; Scharff, Nicholas et al. (2014) Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus in Pennsylvania state prisons, 2004-2012: limitations of 1945-1965 birth cohort screening in correctional settings. Am J Public Health 104:e69-74
Merchant, Roland C; Baird, Janette R; Liu, Tao et al. (2014) Brief intervention to increase emergency department uptake of combined rapid human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C screening among a drug misusing population. Acad Emerg Med 21:752-67
Flentje, Annesa; Heck, Nicholas C; Sorensen, James L (2014) Characteristics of transgender individuals entering substance abuse treatment. Addict Behav 39:969-75
Beckwith, Curt G; Larney, Sarah; Flanigan, Timothy P (2014) Editorial commentary: Hepatitis C virus testing and drug use in north america; is there more than meets the eye? Clin Infect Dis 58:762-4
Jonas, Anna; Sumbi, Victor; Mwinga, Samson et al. (2014) HIV drug resistance early warning indicators in namibia with updated World Health Organization guidance. PLoS One 9:e100539
Conrad, Selby M; Tolou-Shams, Marina; Rizzo, Christie J et al. (2014) Gender differences in recidivism rates for juvenile justice youth: the impact of sexual abuse. Law Hum Behav 38:305-14
Dourado, InĂªs; MacCarthy, Sarah; Lima, Carlos et al. (2014) What's pregnancy got to do with it? Late presentation to HIV/AIDS services in Northeastern Brazil. AIDS Care 26:1514-20

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