The long-term goal of the Breast Cancer (BC) Program is to elucidate the biology, genetics and biochemistry of breast cancer, and to apply this knowledge towards diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive strategies. To achieve this end, the following Specific Goals will be pursued: 1) To identify aberrant regulatory pathways in breast cancer pathogenesis. Specifically, by analyzing tumor biopsies and model systems, we will dissect the pathways responsible for distinct subtypes of breast cancer and elucidate their mechanistic role in tumor development. 2) To optimize the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. By using tissue, serum and imaging-based biomarkers, we will identify suitable patients for targeted therapy and then measure its efficacy. 3) To improve the quality of breast cancer care. By using novel methodologies to characterize the short and long term risks associated with standard breast cancer treatment, we will conduct clinical trials to evaluate novel interventions to diminish these effects. Since the prior grant period, the number of institution-based clinical trials in breast cancer and the number of patients accrued to therapeutic and supportive care trials has increased, with several investigators leading multi-center national and local trials. Over 12% of all patients, and 39% of eligible patients, are enrolled on trials. A noteworthy feature of the clinical research is minority accrual to clinical trials, with 58% of patients enrolled in trials identified as either African-American or Hispanic. The BC program consists of 29 members (16 full members, 12 clinical members, and 1 associate member) from fourteen departments within the College of Physicians &Surgeons, the Mailman School of Public Health and the College of Dental Medicine at Columbia University. The Program is supported by large program project grants, including a breast cancer NCI P01 focused on signaling pathways in breast cancer and a DoD Center of Excellence focused on disparities in breast cancer treatment. For the last budget year of the grant (July 1, 2006 - June 30, 2007), the BC Program received a total of $7.9M (direct costs) in cancer-relevant grant support, including $2.6M (direct costs) in NCI funding, $3.2M (direct costs) in other cancer-related peer-reviewed funding, and $2.1M (direct costs) in cancer-related non-peer-reviewed funding. The total number of publications since the previous submission (i.e., 2003- present) was 177, of which 18.6% were intra-programmatic and 40.7% % inter-programmatic.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
3P30CA013696-39S3
Application #
8637162
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
1997-07-04
Project End
2014-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
39
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$136,392
Indirect Cost
$51,147
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Type
DUNS #
621889815
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10032
Bassuk, Alexander G; Sujirakul, Tharikarn; Tsang, Stephen H et al. (2014) A novel RPGR mutation masquerading as Stargardt disease. Br J Ophthalmol 98:709-11
Li, Yao; Wu, Wen-Hsuan; Hsu, Chun-Wei et al. (2014) Gene therapy in patient-specific stem cell lines and a preclinical model of retinitis pigmentosa with membrane frizzled-related protein defects. Mol Ther 22:1688-97
Wert, Katherine J; Sancho-Pelluz, Javier; Tsang, Stephen H (2014) Mid-stage intervention achieves similar efficacy as conventional early-stage treatment using gene therapy in a pre-clinical model of retinitis pigmentosa. Hum Mol Genet 23:514-23
Shen, Sherry; Sujirakul, Tharikarn; Tsang, Stephen H (2014) Next-generation sequencing revealed a novel mutation in the gene encoding the beta subunit of rod phosphodiesterase. Ophthalmic Genet 35:142-50
Palomero, Teresa; Couronné, Lucile; Khiabanian, Hossein et al. (2014) Recurrent mutations in epigenetic regulators, RHOA and FYN kinase in peripheral T cell lymphomas. Nat Genet 46:166-70
Higuchi-Sanabria, Ryo; Pernice, Wolfgang M A; Vevea, Jason D et al. (2014) Role of asymmetric cell division in lifespan control in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. FEMS Yeast Res 14:1133-46
Lam, A T; Curschellas, C; Krovvidi, D et al. (2014) Controlling self-assembly of microtubule spools via kinesin motor density. Soft Matter 10:8731-6
Olszak, Torsten; Neves, Joana F; Dowds, C Marie et al. (2014) Protective mucosal immunity mediated by epithelial CD1d and IL-10. Nature 509:497-502
Murtomaki, Aino; Uh, Minji K; Kitajewski, Chris et al. (2014) Notch signaling functions in lymphatic valve formation. Development 141:2446-51
Nong, Eva; Lee, Winston; Merriam, Joanna E et al. (2014) Disease progression in autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy caused by a novel mutation (D100G) in the GUCA1A gene. Doc Ophthalmol 128:59-67

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