Based on significant growth and productivity as a program in development during the last funding period, Neuro-oncology (NO) was recently elevated from an HICCC Program in Development to a Full Program. The broad goal of the NO Program is to optimize diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for brain tumors by applying the expertise of a multidisciplinary team towards translating knowledge of brain tumor systems biology, genetics and cell biology. This goal is motivated by the recognition that molecular/genetic insight into brain tumors has the potential for development of individualized patient-specific treatment strategies. To advance its goal, the NO Program is organized around three interactive themes: 1) expanded novel tumor target discovery based on greater understanding of regulatory networks, cellular transformation and micro-environmental influences;2) improved translational therapeutic studies through development of preclinical animal models, high throughput drug screening and novel drug delivery strategies;and 3) refinement of a multidisciplinary clinical center with advanced tissue banking and database collection to facilitate molecularly stratified clinical trials. Major strengths of the program include expertise in systems biology with demonstrated translational application, innovative stem cell/progenitor cell biologists focusing on therapeutic target discovery in brain tumors, and innovative leaders in the fields of animal models of glioma and advanced drug delivery strategies with demonstrated abilities to translationally exploit therapeutic testing. Additionally, the Program maintains a robust brain tumor tissue bank specifically designed to facilitate the translation basic science discoveries into preclinical models and comprehensive clinical trials with correlative molecular pathological studies. The Program has fostered these goals through organization of collaborative investigators, recruitment of new members, support of intra-programmatic meetings and use of shared tissue bank/database resources. The NO program consists of 20 Program members (14 full) representing 9 departments within the College of Physicians and Surgeons and combining a spectrum from basic science to clinical proficiency. During the last budget period (July 1, 2012 - June 30, 2013), the NO Program received a total of $4.7M (direct costs) in cancer-relevant grant support, including $1.5M (direct costs) in NCI funding, $1.9M (direct costs) in other peer reviewed cancer-related support and $1.2M (direct costs) in cancer-relevant non-peer reviewed funding. There were a total of 173 Program publications from 2008 to the present, of which 32% were intra-programmatic and 20% were inter-programmatic and/or collaborative with investigators in other institutions;12% were published in journals with Impact Factor >10, and 5% in journals with Impact Factor > 20.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
2P30CA013696-40
Application #
8753114
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
1997-07-04
Project End
2019-06-30
Budget Start
2014-07-17
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
40
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$33,319
Indirect Cost
$12,495
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Type
DUNS #
621889815
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10032
Bassuk, Alexander G; Zheng, Andrew; Li, Yao et al. (2016) Precision Medicine: Genetic Repair of Retinitis Pigmentosa in Patient-Derived Stem Cells. Sci Rep 6:19969
Zhang, Lijuan; Du, Jianhai; Justus, Sally et al. (2016) Reprogramming metabolism by targeting sirtuin 6 attenuates retinal degeneration. J Clin Invest 126:4659-4673
Planet, Paul J; Parker, Dane; Cohen, Taylor S et al. (2016) Lambda Interferon Restructures the Nasal Microbiome and Increases Susceptibility to Staphylococcus aureus Superinfection. MBio 7:e01939-15
Canetta, S; Bolkan, S; Padilla-Coreano, N et al. (2016) Maternal immune activation leads to selective functional deficits in offspring parvalbumin interneurons. Mol Psychiatry 21:956-68
Joseph, Leroy C; Barca, Emanuele; Subramanyam, Prakash et al. (2016) Inhibition of NAPDH Oxidase 2 (NOX2) Prevents Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Abnormalities Caused by Saturated Fat in Cardiomyocytes. PLoS One 11:e0145750
Gelman, Rony; Tsang, Stephen H (2016) SEQUENTIAL CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN AND OPHTHALMIC ARTERY OCCLUSIONS IN A PEDIATRIC CASE OF PRIMARY ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME. Retin Cases Brief Rep 10:58-62
Grillo, Lola M; Nguyen, Huy V; Tsang, Stephen H et al. (2016) Cobalt-Chromium Metallosis With Normal Electroretinogram. J Neuroophthalmol 36:383-388
Wert, Katherine J; Mahajan, Vinit B; Zhang, Lijuan et al. (2016) Neuroretinal hypoxic signaling in a new preclinical murine model for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Signal Transduct Target Ther 1:
Moshfegh, Yasmin; Velez, Gabriel; Li, Yao et al. (2016) BESTROPHIN1 mutations cause defective chloride conductance in patient stem cell-derived RPE. Hum Mol Genet 25:2672-2680
Higuchi-Sanabria, Ryo; Swayne, Theresa C; Boldogh, Istvan R et al. (2016) Imaging of the Actin Cytoskeleton and Mitochondria in Fixed Budding Yeast Cells. Methods Mol Biol 1365:63-81

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