The CCR/KI has a longstanding track record of using mice to study cancer. Over the last decade the Center has successfully generated numerous mouse models that develop tumors that closely resemble the human disease with regard to both the spectrum of contributing mutations and their phenotypic characteristics including progression to the metastatic state. There is now a strong drive by both Kl Scientists and Engineers to use these models to test potential therapeutic strategies and also explore mechanisms of drug resistance. Moreover, these models are a key resource for Kl Engineers, offering in vivo systems to test tumor detection and monitoring devices, drug delivery systems, and chemotherapeutic response. In the current funding period, the Kl has established a new facility, called the Applied Therapeutics &Whole Animal Imaging (ATWAI) Core Facility that exists as a centralized resource to support and encourage these translational efforts. The ATWAI Core developed in two phases. Initially, the Core established the infrastructure necessary to support longitudinal studies of the response and resistance to therapeutic agents, particularly whole animal imaging modalities. This instrumentation has allowed Center members to assess tumor dynamics in vivo including tracking the development and metastasis of tumors and following their response to treatment. Next, in 2008, an expert in mouse models was recruited as Acting Manager of the ATWAI Core with the goal of minimizing the myriad hurdles that exist in setting up and conducting preclinical trials. The ATWAI manager provides Center members with a extensive and customized consultative services, investigator training, and hands-on execution of experiments to enable on-site, high-quality in vivo trials for biosensors, diagnostics, vaccines, chemotherapies, gene therapy, or drug delivery and targeting modalities. Thus, the ATWAI Core helps Center members to bring mouse models to bear on potential therapies, and spurs collaborations between Kl engineers and scientists to allow testing of drug delivery and tumor monitoring systems in appropriate in vivo models. An expansion of the ATWAI Core is planned for the new Koch Institute building, including additional staff and instrumentation. Support from the CCSG is critical to ensure the success of this ATWAI Core, a goal that fits perfectly with the NCI's desire to advance translational research.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30CA014051-42
Application #
8466727
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-05-01
Budget End
2014-04-30
Support Year
42
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$124,711
Indirect Cost
$88,839
Name
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Department
Type
DUNS #
001425594
City
Cambridge
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02139
Castellarnau, M; Szeto, G L; Su, H-W et al. (2015) Stochastic particle barcoding for single-cell tracking and multiparametric analysis. Small 11:489-98
Lunt, Sophia Y; Muralidhar, Vinayak; Hosios, Aaron M et al. (2015) Pyruvate kinase isoform expression alters nucleotide synthesis to impact cell proliferation. Mol Cell 57:95-107
Liu, Haipeng; Moynihan, Kelly D; Zheng, Yiran et al. (2014) Structure-based programming of lymph-node targeting in molecular vaccines. Nature 507:519-22
Chan, Ka Man Carmen; Li, Randolph H; Chapman, Joseph W et al. (2014) Functionalizable hydrogel microparticles of tunable size and stiffness for soft-tissue filler applications. Acta Biomater 10:2563-73
Sukup-Jackson, Michelle R; Kiraly, Orsolya; Kay, Jennifer E et al. (2014) Rosa26-GFP direct repeat (RaDR-GFP) mice reveal tissue- and age-dependence of homologous recombination in mammals in vivo. PLoS Genet 10:e1004299
Pallasch, Christian P; Leskov, Ilya; Braun, Christian J et al. (2014) Sensitizing protective tumor microenvironments to antibody-mediated therapy. Cell 156:590-602
Murphy, Patrick A; Hynes, Richard O (2014) Alternative splicing of endothelial fibronectin is induced by disturbed hemodynamics and protects against hemorrhage of the vessel wall. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 34:2042-50
Meira, Lisiane B; Calvo, Jennifer A; Shah, Dharini et al. (2014) Repair of endogenous DNA base lesions modulate lifespan in mice. DNA Repair (Amst) 21:78-86
Labelle, Myriam; Begum, Shahinoor; Hynes, Richard O (2014) Platelets guide the formation of early metastatic niches. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:E3053-61
Shlomai, Amir; Schwartz, Robert E; Ramanan, Vyas et al. (2014) Modeling host interactions with hepatitis B virus using primary and induced pluripotent stem cell-derived hepatocellular systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:12193-8

Showing the most recent 10 out of 309 publications