The common interests of the Neuro-oncology Program are primary malignant brain tumors of adults and children. The scientific goals are:
Aim 1 : to conduct epidemiological and molecular epidemiological studies to investigate etiology and to identify populations at greater and lesser risk for development of malignant brain tumors in adults and children;
Aim 2 : to determine molecular mechanisms of transformation, altered growth control, and invasion of malignant brain tumors of adults and children;
Aim 3 : to identify new drugs active against primary brain tumors of adults and children, to determine mechanisms of drug resistance in primary brain tumors, and to institute methods to overcome drug resistance;
Aim 4 : to develop monoclonal antibodies and recombinant DNA antibody fragments reactive with molecular targets, primary brain tumors, and to develop immunoconjugates for brain tumor treatment;
Aim 5 : to develop new radiolabeling technology for peptides and monoclonal antibodies and their fragments that will facilitate the investigation of promising radionuclides, including the a-emitter [211]Astatine and the B-emitter[177] Lutetium, in targeted radiotherapy clinical trial for brain tumor patients;
Aim 6 : to develop cell-mediated immunotherapy and dendritic-based vaccine trials for brain tumors;
Aim 7 : to develop oncolytic poliovirus with no neurovirulence, but retention of oncolytic capacity for gliomas, into a reagent that can be used for therapy of malignant gliomas and neoplastic meningitis from breast cancer;
Aim 8 : to develop imaging capabilities with Positron Emission Tomography (PET) for improved brain tumor diagnosis, monitoring of therapeutic response, and determination of patient-specific radiafion dosimetry in radiolabeled antibody, chemotherapy and small molecular inhibitor clinical trials in brain tumor patients;
Aim 9 : to design and execute Phase I, Phase 11, and Phase 111 clinical trials in primary and metastatic brain tumors in adults and children, based on laboratory discoveries within the Program, and to execute clinical trials for improvement of quality of life in brain tumor patients. The Program includes 26 members from 12 basic and clinical departments within Duke University. Total funding for program members is $18,693,484, of which $10,458,928 is from peer- reviewed sources. A cancer focus is illustrated by $5,092,026 or 48.7% of funding from the NCI, the American Cancer Society or the Department of Defense. From 2004-2008, program members published 612 papers in peer-reviewed journals cited in PubMed. Of these publications, 20% are the result of intra-programmatic collaborations and 27% due to inter-programmatic collaborations.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
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Duke University
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Adams, Rebecca N; Mosher, Catherine E; Blair, Cindy K et al. (2015) Cancer survivors' uptake and adherence in diet and exercise intervention trials: an integrative data analysis. Cancer 121:77-83
Pruszynski, Marek; Koumarianou, Eftychia; Vaidyanathan, Ganesan et al. (2014) Improved tumor targeting of anti-HER2 nanobody through N-succinimidyl 4-guanidinomethyl-3-iodobenzoate radiolabeling. J Nucl Med 55:650-6
Batinic-Haberle, Ines; Tovmasyan, Artak; Roberts, Emily R H et al. (2014) SOD therapeutics: latest insights into their structure-activity relationships and impact on the cellular redox-based signaling pathways. Antioxid Redox Signal 20:2372-415
Sachdeva, Mohit; Mito, Jeffrey K; Lee, Chang-Lung et al. (2014) MicroRNA-182 drives metastasis of primary sarcomas by targeting multiple genes. J Clin Invest 124:4305-19
Tovmasyan, Artak; Carballal, Sebastian; Ghazaryan, Robert et al. (2014) Rational design of superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimics: the evaluation of the therapeutic potential of new cationic Mn porphyrins with linear and cyclic substituents. Inorg Chem 53:11467-83
Azrad, Maria; Demark-Wahnefried, Wendy (2014) The association between adiposity and breast cancer recurrence and survival: A review of the recent literature. Curr Nutr Rep 3:9-15
Blair, Cindy K; Madan-Swain, Avi; Locher, Julie L et al. (2013) Harvest for health gardening intervention feasibility study in cancer survivors. Acta Oncol 52:1110-8
Mito, Jeffrey K; Min, Hooney D; Ma, Yan et al. (2013) Oncogene-dependent control of miRNA biogenesis and metastatic progression in a model of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. J Pathol 229:132-40
Pruszynski, Marek; Koumarianou, Eftychia; Vaidyanathan, Ganesan et al. (2013) Targeting breast carcinoma with radioiodinated anti-HER2 Nanobody. Nucl Med Biol 40:52-9
Hover, Bradley M; Loksztejn, Anna; Ribeiro, Anthony A et al. (2013) Identification of a cyclic nucleotide as a cryptic intermediate in molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis. J Am Chem Soc 135:7019-32

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