The common interests of the Neuro-oncology Program are primary malignant brain tumors of adults and children. The scientific goals are:
Aim 1 : to conduct epidemiological and molecular epidemiological studies to investigate etiology and to identify populations at greater and lesser risk for development of malignant brain tumors in adults and children;
Aim 2 : to determine molecular mechanisms of transformation, altered growth control, and invasion of malignant brain tumors of adults and children;
Aim 3 : to identify new drugs active against primary brain tumors of adults and children, to determine mechanisms of drug resistance in primary brain tumors, and to institute methods to overcome drug resistance;
Aim 4 : to develop monoclonal antibodies and recombinant DNA antibody fragments reactive with molecular targets, primary brain tumors, and to develop immunoconjugates for brain tumor treatment;
Aim 5 : to develop new radiolabeling technology for peptides and monoclonal antibodies and their fragments that will facilitate the investigation of promising radionuclides, including the a-emitter [211]Astatine and the B-emitter[177] Lutetium, in targeted radiotherapy clinical trial for brain tumor patients;
Aim 6 : to develop cell-mediated immunotherapy and dendritic-based vaccine trials for brain tumors;
Aim 7 : to develop oncolytic poliovirus with no neurovirulence, but retention of oncolytic capacity for gliomas, into a reagent that can be used for therapy of malignant gliomas and neoplastic meningitis from breast cancer;
Aim 8 : to develop imaging capabilities with Positron Emission Tomography (PET) for improved brain tumor diagnosis, monitoring of therapeutic response, and determination of patient-specific radiafion dosimetry in radiolabeled antibody, chemotherapy and small molecular inhibitor clinical trials in brain tumor patients;
Aim 9 : to design and execute Phase I, Phase 11, and Phase 111 clinical trials in primary and metastatic brain tumors in adults and children, based on laboratory discoveries within the Program, and to execute clinical trials for improvement of quality of life in brain tumor patients. The Program includes 26 members from 12 basic and clinical departments within Duke University. Total funding for program members is $18,693,484, of which $10,458,928 is from peer- reviewed sources. A cancer focus is illustrated by $5,092,026 or 48.7% of funding from the NCI, the American Cancer Society or the Department of Defense. From 2004-2008, program members published 612 papers in peer-reviewed journals cited in PubMed. Of these publications, 20% are the result of intra-programmatic collaborations and 27% due to inter-programmatic collaborations.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
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Duke University
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McDonnell, Eoin; Crown, Scott B; Fox, Douglas B et al. (2016) Lipids Reprogram Metabolism to Become a Major Carbon Source for Histone Acetylation. Cell Rep 17:1463-1472
Liu, Hongliang; Gao, Fengqin; Dahlstrom, Kristina R et al. (2016) A variant at a potentially functional microRNA-binding site in BRIP1 was associated with risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Tumour Biol 37:8057-66
Evans, M K; Sauer, S J; Nath, S et al. (2016) X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein mediates tumor cell resistance to antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. Cell Death Dis 7:e2073
Pollock, Julie A; Wardell, Suzanne E; Parent, Alexander A et al. (2016) Inhibiting androgen receptor nuclear entry in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Nat Chem Biol 12:795-801
He, Kevin; Li, Yanming; Zhu, Ji et al. (2016) Component-wise gradient boosting and false discovery control in survival analysis with high-dimensional covariates. Bioinformatics 32:50-7
Yuan, Hua; Liu, Hongliang; Liu, Zhensheng et al. (2016) A Novel Genetic Variant in Long Non-coding RNA Gene NEXN-AS1 is Associated with Risk of Lung Cancer. Sci Rep 6:34234
Schaal, Jeffrey L; Li, Xinghai; Mastria, Eric et al. (2016) Injectable polypeptide micelles that form radiation crosslinked hydrogels in situ for intratumoral radiotherapy. J Control Release 228:58-66
Pilaz, Louis-Jan; Lennox, Ashley L; Rouanet, Jeremy P et al. (2016) Dynamic mRNA Transport and Local Translation in Radial Glial Progenitors of the Developing Brain. Curr Biol 26:3383-3392
Matak, Pavle; Matak, Andrija; Moustafa, Sarah et al. (2016) Disrupted iron homeostasis causes dopaminergic neurodegeneration in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:3428-35
Friedman, Daphne R; Sibley, Alexander B; Owzar, Kouros et al. (2016) Relationship of blood monocytes with chronic lymphocytic leukemia aggressiveness and outcomes: a multi-institutional study. Am J Hematol 91:687-91

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