The Immunology and Cancer (IC) Program has been an integral part of the UCCCC for more than 25 years. It has 22 members from 6 Departments, and is supported by a total of $13,081,506 in annual peer reviewed funding (direct costs), of which $2,351,962 comes from the NCI. Over the previous funding period (encompassing 4 years). Program members have produced a total of 219 peer-reviewed cancer relevant publications, with 29% published in the highest impact journals;18% of these were interprogrammatic and 9% were intraprogrammatic. The broad goals of the Immunology and Cancer Program are to understand the interface between the host immune system and a malignant tumor and, ultimately, to manipulate that interaction to promote immune-mediated tumor destruction in patients with cancer. It is well established that tumors can express antigens that can be recognized by specific T cells or antibodies. Identifying the reasons why a given cancer is not eliminated spontaneously should highlight the major barriers that need to be overcome in order to restore immune control over the tumor. The research themes of the program focus on understanding the mechanisms of innate immune activation and productive antigen presentation;activation and differentiation of lymphocytes into effector/memory states;trafficking into inflamed target tissues and control of local inflammation;and overcoming mechanisms of peripheral immune tolerance. Basic concepts are integrated into mouse preclinical tumor models, and novel clinical trials are performed to capitalize on this new knowledge translationally, many in collaboration with clinical investigators outside of the Program. The clinical/translational effort is supported by several key Core Facilities, in particular the Human Immunologic Monitoring-cGMP Facility. By incorporating detailed scientific endpoint monitoring into clinical studies, new key information is generated that has led to the development of new hypothesess that are interrogated back in the laboratory. Thus, the Immunology and Cancer Program is a clear example of bi-directional translational research.
A deeper understanding of the regulation of the host immune response against tumors has led to new immunotherapy approaches for the treatment of cancer. The recent FDA approval of ipilimumab for melanoma has generated a paradigm shift for the field. Furthering our basic knowledge in this arena and continuing the development of novel immunotherapies should translate into more durable clinical outcomes.
|Johnson, Marianna B; Hoffmann, Joscelyn N; You, Hannah M et al. (2018) Psychosocial Stress Exposure Disrupts Mammary Gland Development. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 23:59-73|
|Sweis, Randy F; Zha, Yuanyuan; Pass, Lomax et al. (2018) Pseudoprogression manifesting as recurrent ascites with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in urothelial bladder cancer. J Immunother Cancer 6:24|
|Kathayat, Rahul S; Cao, Yang; Elvira, Pablo D et al. (2018) Active and dynamic mitochondrial S-depalmitoylation revealed by targeted fluorescent probes. Nat Commun 9:334|
|Liu, Jun; Eckert, Mark A; Harada, Bryan T et al. (2018) m6A mRNA methylation regulates AKT activity to promote the proliferation and tumorigenicity of endometrial cancer. Nat Cell Biol 20:1074-1083|
|Bhanvadia, Raj R; VanOpstall, Calvin; Brechka, Hannah et al. (2018) MEIS1 and MEIS2 Expression and Prostate Cancer Progression: A Role For HOXB13 Binding Partners in Metastatic Disease. Clin Cancer Res 24:3668-3680|
|Wood, Kevin; Byron, Elizabeth; Janisch, Linda et al. (2018) Capecitabine and Celecoxib as a Promising Therapy for Thymic Neoplasms. Am J Clin Oncol 41:963-966|
|Sample, Ashley; Zhao, Baozhong; Wu, Chunli et al. (2018) The Autophagy Receptor Adaptor p62 is Up-regulated by UVA Radiation in Melanocytes and in Melanoma Cells. Photochem Photobiol 94:432-437|
|Hrusch, C L; Manns, S T; Bryazka, D et al. (2018) ICOS protects against mortality from acute lung injury through activation of IL-5+ ILC2s. Mucosal Immunol 11:61-70|
|Hope, C Matthew; Webber, Jemma L; Tokamov, Sherzod A et al. (2018) Tuned polymerization of the transcription factor Yan limits off-DNA sequestration to confer context-specific repression. Elife 7:|
|Wu, Chengyue; Pineda, Federico; Hormuth 2nd, David A et al. (2018) Quantitative analysis of vascular properties derived from ultrafast DCE-MRI to discriminate malignant and benign breast tumors. Magn Reson Med :|
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