; The Radiation Research and Translational Biology, (RRTB) program goal is to improve combination radiation therapies by 1) designing and testing new molecular targets identified by mechanistic studies, and 2) addressing tumor resistance to therapy and bypass of immune surveillance, and 3) designing, assessing and improving technologies that diagnose, stage, and deliver therapies for cancer patients. Program members address these goals with multidisciplinary efforts in biochemistry, immunology, drug design, preclinical models, and clinical experience, to accelerate translation from bench to bedside. The Program has been strengthened by integration of members from the former Program in Cancer Immunology. The current RRTB program, comprised of 34 basic, translational and clinical investigators from eleven departments, thus combines basic and clinical research strengths to conduct bench to bedside research and can reverse translate clinical data to inform further translational innovations. This work is supported by 36 peer-reviewed grants totaling direct funds of $13.2 million ($5.3 million from NCI). The total number of publications generated by Program members from 2007 to 2012 is 543 of which 11% are Intra-programmmatic and 22% are Inter-programmatic, with 4.6% being both. The specific research themes ofthe RRTB Program are: (1) Improve RT therapies by defining and characterizing molecular targets for ionizing radiation and for combined therapies, vaccine development and BMT (2) Immune tolerance and strategies for immune surveillance. (3) Tumor resistance: Microenvironment, hypoxia and angiogenesis. (4) Protecting normal tissues: normal tissue injury/genotoxic stress. (5) Clinical translation of diagnostic and therapeutic innovations, and (6) Improving clinical practice: Biomedical/Bioinformatics and Comparitive Effectiveness Research (CER). This program will continually generate new collaborations, intra- and interprogrammatically, and fresh research directions with other research programs in the cancer center.
; The Radiation Research and Translational Biology (RRTB) program is improving cancer treatment by increasing the killing of cancer cells while protecting normal tissues. Its basic and clinical researchers combine innovations in radiation technology and imaging techniques with drugs targeting tumor cells (or the surrounding tissues) to help physicians make better diagnoses and choose the best course of therapy.
|Teh, Jessica L F; Purwin, Timothy J; Greenawalt, Evan J et al. (2016) An In Vivo Reporter to Quantitatively and Temporally Analyze the Effects of CDK4/6 Inhibitor-Based Therapies in Melanoma. Cancer Res 76:5455-66|
|Ozaki, Shinji; Vuyyuru, Raja; Kageyama, Ken et al. (2016) Establishment and Characterization of Orthotopic Mouse Models for Human Uveal Melanoma Hepatic Colonization. Am J Pathol 186:43-56|
|Lu, Huimin; Wang, Tao; Li, Jing et al. (2016) Î±vÎ²6 Integrin Promotes Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer through JNK1-Mediated Activation of Androgen Receptor. Cancer Res 76:5163-74|
|Zhao, Yongtong; Shapiro, Sandor S; Eto, Masumi (2016) F-actin clustering and cell dysmotility induced by the pathological W148R missense mutation of filamin B at the actin-binding domain. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 310:C89-98|
|Singh, Amrita; Fedele, Carmine; Lu, Huimin et al. (2016) Exosome-mediated Transfer of Î±vÎ²3 Integrin from Tumorigenic to Nontumorigenic Cells Promotes a Migratory Phenotype. Mol Cancer Res 14:1136-1146|
|Hutcheson, Jack; Balaji, Uthra; Porembka, Matthew R et al. (2016) Immunologic and Metabolic Features of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Define Prognostic Subtypes of Disease. Clin Cancer Res 22:3606-17|
|Pattison, Amanda M; Blomain, Erik S; Merlino, Dante J et al. (2016) Intestinal Enteroids Model Guanylate Cyclase C-Dependent Secretion Induced by Heat-Stable Enterotoxins. Infect Immun 84:3083-91|
|Zhao, Qian; Deng, Shengqiong; Wang, Guangxue et al. (2016) A direct quantification method for measuring plasma MicroRNAs identified potential biomarkers for detecting metastatic breast cancer. Oncotarget 7:21865-74|
|Dowling, John P; Cai, Yubo; Bertin, John et al. (2016) Kinase-independent function of RIP1, critical for mature T-cell survival and proliferation. Cell Death Dis 7:e2379|
|Curry, Joseph M; Tassone, Patrick; Cotzia, Paolo et al. (2016) Multicompartment metabolism in papillary thyroid cancer. Laryngoscope 126:2410-8|
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