The Population Sciences Research Program (led by H. Anton-Culver and S. Neuhausen) is composed of three themes, Genetic Epidemiology (headed by S. Neuhausen), Prevention (headed by S. Lipkin), and Outreach and Cancer Control (headed by L. Wenzel). The Program is focused on investigating the continuum of cancer from normal to pre-malignant to malignant to metastatic disease. There are interactions and interplay among the three themes within cancer sites and across the continuum. The main objectives of the research are to build on current knowledge and to create new paradigms to understand: a) how cancers develop in susceptible populations;b) how to prevent cancer from developing;c) how cancers progress;and d) how to reduce morbidity and mortality from cancer. This research program is focused on organ-specific sites. Methodologies and approaches that are developed in one cancer are translated into other cancers. In the Genetic Epidemiology theme, breast cancer is a primary focus. There are five on-going studies to investigate genetic and lifestyle factors associated with risk of breast cancer. The identification of lifestyle and genetic factors that contribute to breast cancer risk is crucial to design both preventative and therapeutic strategies and to identify at risk individuals, in order to reduce the incidence of and death from this disease. In the Prevention theme, the focus is on chemoprevention. One of the most successful chemoprevention trials for secondary prevention of colorectal cancer is the randomized phase III study of Sulindac plus Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) in Reducing Recurrent Colorectal Adenomas. Overall a highly significant reduction of 70% of all adenomas was achieved in those receiving DFMO/Sulindac (P<0.001). Advanced adenomas were reduced by 90% (P=0.001). In the Outreach and Cancer Control theme, a major focus is cervical cancer disease processes at the phase between susceptibility and pre-malignancy and after suspicion of a pre-malignancy in a high risk group of Hispanic women. Factors that influence survivorship after the malignancy has been treated are being identified to aid in cancer control and potentially prevent metastatic disease. Future emphases of the Population Sciences Program include quantitative assessment of factors that affect cancer etiology, progression and outcome to generate clues for cancer prevention targets. We will continue to focus on health disparities as they modify risk and outcome of cancer. The PS Program has 13 Members, representing four Departments and two Schools, and has $3,031,090 in direct cancer-related peer-reviewed funding, 11 projects of which are funded by NCI for a direct total of $2,382,560. In 2007, Members published a total of 60 publications with 45 of those being cancer-related of which 36% were inter- and 33% were intra-related.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30CA062203-16
Application #
8215286
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2011-02-01
Budget End
2012-01-31
Support Year
16
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$19,460
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Irvine
Department
Type
DUNS #
046705849
City
Irvine
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92697
Charney, Rebekah M; Forouzmand, Elmira; Cho, Jin Sun et al. (2017) Foxh1 Occupies cis-Regulatory Modules Prior to Dynamic Transcription Factor Interactions Controlling the Mesendoderm Gene Program. Dev Cell 40:595-607.e4
HD iPSC Consortium (2017) Developmental alterations in Huntington's disease neural cells and pharmacological rescue in cells and mice. Nat Neurosci 20:648-660
McCracken, A N; McMonigle, R J; Tessier, J et al. (2017) Phosphorylation of a constrained azacyclic FTY720 analog enhances anti-leukemic activity without inducing S1P receptor activation. Leukemia 31:669-677
Barton, James C; Chen, Wen-Pin; Emond, Mary J et al. (2017) GNPAT p.D519G is independently associated with markedly increased iron stores in HFE p.C282Y homozygotes. Blood Cells Mol Dis 63:15-20
Yan, Huaming; Romero-Lopez, Monica; Frieboes, Hermann B et al. (2017) Multiscale Modeling of Glioblastoma Suggests that the Partial Disruption of Vessel/Cancer Stem Cell Crosstalk Can Promote Tumor Regression Without Increasing Invasiveness. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 64:538-548
Klempner, Samuel J; Mehta, Pareen; Schrock, Alexa B et al. (2017) Cis-oriented solvent-front EGFR G796S mutation in tissue and ctDNA in a patient progressing on osimertinib: a case report and review of the literature. Lung Cancer (Auckl) 8:241-247
Molino, Nicholas M; Neek, Medea; Tucker, Jo Anne et al. (2017) Display of DNA on Nanoparticles for Targeting Antigen Presenting Cells. ACS Biomater Sci Eng 3:496-501
Lomeli, Naomi; Di, Kaijun; Czerniawski, Jennifer et al. (2017) Cisplatin-induced mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with impaired cognitive function in rats. Free Radic Biol Med 102:274-286
Huang, Jason Y; Samarasena, Jason B; Tsujino, Takeshi et al. (2017) EUS-guided portal pressure gradient measurement with a simple novel device: a human pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc 85:996-1001
Elbir, Haitham; Sitlani, Parth; Bergström, Sven et al. (2017) Chromosome and Megaplasmid Sequences of Borrelia anserina (Sakharoff 1891), the Agent of Avian Spirochetosis and Type Species of the Genus. Genome Announc 5:

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