The Cancer Metabolism and Growth (CMG) Program has the overall goal to determine how oncogenic alterations regulate tumor cell metabolism, growth, proliferation, survival, and tumor-host interaction to facilitate disease progression. The ultimate aim is to identify new approaches to improve cancer treatment through innovative biochemical, molecular and biological research. In vivo approaches to address metabolic, physical and immunologic functions in cancer and state-of-the-art measurement of cancer metabolism are signature Program features that span the Rutgers/Princeton consortium. CMG provides the platform for productive, collaborative, and impactful science, and interfaces with the Cancer Center for the translation of that science, both bench to bedside and bedside to bench. CMG has 59 members from 26 Departments, 10 Schools, and 3 Universities. CMG research is well funded with $14.3M annual direct peer-reviewed grant support, $9.2M of which is cancer-focused (9 multi-PI), with $3M from the NCI (21 R01-equivalent/14 PIs). In the last funding period CMG members published more than 835 papers, 31% of which are collaborative (15% intra- and 22% inter-collaborative) with 21% top-tier journals and 50% collaborative with other institutions. In comparison to the last funding period, this represents an increase in both total and collaborative publications, and seven additional multi-PI grants. Impactful CMG cancer science includes the discovery that circulating lactate is a major supplier of carbon to the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle in tumors, and that the folate pathway significantly contributes to NADPH production. How glutamine metabolism is critical for MYC-driven cancers, how mTOR signaling is controlled by nutrient availability, and how protein and lipid scavenging contribute to cancer growth, proliferation and survival were also discovered by CMG research. Examination of metabolic interactions between tumor and host revealed new mechanisms of metastasis, and how tumors physically interact with their local environment and the immune system. Program members discovered that metastasis represents corruption of normal developmental processes, that cell polarity and tissue/cytoskeletal tension in the tumor microenvironment alter oncogenic signaling via the Hippo and other pathways, and that nutrient scavenging, interferons and the removal of dead cells by efferocytosis alter the immune response to tumors. Translation of CMG research has led to clinical trials targeting metabolism, promoting apoptosis and activating anti-tumor immune responses. In turn, clinical observations have informed CMG research to model treatment, resistance and exceptional responders to identify underlying mechanisms and to improve therapy.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
2P30CA072720-20
Application #
9632903
Study Section
Subcommittee I - Transistion to Independence (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2019-03-01
Budget End
2020-02-29
Support Year
20
Fiscal Year
2019
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Rbhs -Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Department
Type
DUNS #
078728091
City
New Brunswick
State
NJ
Country
United States
Zip Code
08901
Zhu, Sining; Jin, Juan; Gokhale, Samantha et al. (2018) Genetic Alterations of TRAF Proteins in Human Cancers. Front Immunol 9:2111
Perekatt, Ansu O; Shah, Pooja P; Cheung, Shannon et al. (2018) SMAD4 Suppresses WNT-Driven Dedifferentiation and Oncogenesis in the Differentiated Gut Epithelium. Cancer Res 78:4878-4890
Llanos, Adana A M; Tsui, Jennifer; Rotter, David et al. (2018) Factors associated with high-risk human papillomavirus test utilization and infection: a population-based study of uninsured and underinsured women. BMC Womens Health 18:162
Hadigol, Mohammad; Khiabanian, Hossein (2018) MERIT reveals the impact of genomic context on sequencing error rate in ultra-deep applications. BMC Bioinformatics 19:219
Severson, Eric A; Riedlinger, Gregory M; Connelly, Caitlin F et al. (2018) Detection of clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential in clinical sequencing of solid tumor specimens. Blood 131:2501-2505
Shih, Weichung Joe; Lin, Yong (2018) Relative efficiency of precision medicine designs for clinical trials with predictive biomarkers. Stat Med 37:687-709
Ding, Qiang; Gaska, Jenna M; Douam, Florian et al. (2018) Species-specific disruption of STING-dependent antiviral cellular defenses by the Zika virus NS2B3 protease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E6310-E6318
Winer, Benjamin Y; Shirvani-Dastgerdi, Elham; Bram, Yaron et al. (2018) Preclinical assessment of antiviral combination therapy in a genetically humanized mouse model for hepatitis delta virus infection. Sci Transl Med 10:
Modi, Parth K; Wang, Ye; Kirk, Peter S et al. (2018) The Receipt of Industry Payments is Associated With Prescribing Promoted Alpha-blockers and Overactive Bladder Medications. Urology 117:50-56
Dai, Zhuqing; Feng, Simin; Liu, Anna et al. (2018) Anti-inflammatory effects of newly synthesized ?-galacto-oligosaccharides on dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in C57BL/6J mice. Food Res Int 109:350-357

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