Cancer Epidemiology Research in the Cancer Epidemiology Program focuses on the population-based study of cancer etiology, health services and outcomes, and cancer prevention and control. The overall goal of program members is to save lives by increasing our understanding of what causes cancer, promoting cancer prevention behaviors and early detection and treatment, and developing improved diagnostic tests and treatments. When cancer cannot be prevented, we are also interested in research that will extend the quantity and quality of life for the cancer survivor. There are three major overlapping themes the Program's research. The first theme involves cancer etiology. Research areas within this theme include the study of environmental exposures and cancer, other biologic causes of cancer, and evaluation of the burden of cancer. The second theme involves cancer health services &outcomes. Research areas within this theme include evaluation of the delivery of cancer services, and assessment of how biobehavior and neuropsychiatric factors impact on the burden of cancer. The third theme involves cancer prevention and control. Research areas within this theme focus on studies exploring risk reduction and cancer screening. In population science, scientific achievements can be measured by their translation into activities that improve the health of the public. In this regard, after 20 years of residential radon and lung cancer epidemiologic research here and elsewhere, the World Health Organization has been convinced and is implementing an international initiative to reduce indoor radon risks. Also the strengths of the study design and findings relating to pesticides and cancer in the Agricultural Health Study, where two-thirds of participants are lowans, has led the US EPA to announce that epidemiologic data will be used in its risk assessment of pesticides, marking a significant departure from traditional EPA practice, which has focused on short-term bioassays and animal testing in risk assessment. This highly interactive program consists of 33 members from 8 basic science and 9 clinical departments in 5 Colleges. Peer reviewed, research funding forthis program totals $6,841,168 with $2,339,558 coming from the NCI. Program members published 443 cancer-related papers over the prior funding period. Of these publications, 15% were intraprogrammatic, 18% were interprogrammatic and 7% were both intra and interprogrammatic, for a total of 39% collaborative publications.

Public Health Relevance

Epidemiology provides research approaches for evaluating cancer in human populations. We utilize this to better understand what causes cancer to develop, to evaluate and compare the health services people with cancer receive and the outcomes resulting from these services in terms of quality and quantity of life, and ultimately how to take this knowledge and provide for improved approaches to controlling and preventing this disease, particularly in rural, agricultural populations as seen in lowa.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30CA086862-14
Application #
8640093
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
14
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$39,019
Indirect Cost
$28,739
Name
University of Iowa
Department
Type
DUNS #
062761671
City
Iowa City
State
IA
Country
United States
Zip Code
52242
Machiela, Mitchell J; Lan, Qing; Slager, Susan L et al. (2016) Genetically predicted longer telomere length is associated with increased risk of B-cell lymphoma subtypes. Hum Mol Genet 25:1663-76
Fink, Aliza K; Yanik, Elizabeth L; Marshall, Bruce C et al. (2016) Cancer risk among lung transplant recipients with cystic fibrosis. J Cyst Fibros :
Mambetsariev, Nurbek; Lin, Wai W; Stunz, Laura L et al. (2016) Nuclear TRAF3 is a negative regulator of CREB in B cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:1032-7
Vander Weg, Mark W; Cozad, Ashley J; Howren, M Bryant et al. (2016) An individually-tailored smoking cessation intervention for rural Veterans: a pilot randomized trial. BMC Public Health 16:811
Schroeder, Mary C; Chapman, Cole G; Nattinger, Matthew C et al. (2016) Variation in geographic access to chemotherapy by definitions of providers and service locations: a population-based observational study. BMC Health Serv Res 16:274
Brooks, Jennifer D; John, Esther M; Mellemkjaer, Lene et al. (2016) Body mass index, weight change, and risk of second primary breast cancer in the WECARE study: influence of estrogen receptor status of the first breast cancer. Cancer Med 5:3282-3291
Craciun, Ioana; Fenner, Amanda M; Kerns, Robert J (2016) N-Arylacyl O-sulfonated aminoglycosides as novel inhibitors of human neutrophil elastase, cathepsin G and proteinase 3. Glycobiology 26:701-9
Wang, Bingxuan; Klaren, William D; Wels, Brian R et al. (2016) Dietary Manganese Modulates PCB126 Toxicity, Metal Status, and MnSOD in the Rat. Toxicol Sci 150:15-26
Klaren, William D; Gibson-Corley, Katherine N; Wels, Brian et al. (2016) Assessment of the Mitigative Capacity of Dietary Zinc on PCB126 Hepatotoxicity and the Contribution of Zinc to Toxicity. Chem Res Toxicol 29:851-9
Safaeian, M; Robbins, H A; Berndt, S I et al. (2016) Risk of Colorectal Cancer After Solid Organ Transplantation in the United States. Am J Transplant 16:960-7

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