burden of substance use disorder (SUD) is highest in late adolescence and young adulthood and then decreases rapidly in young adulthood. A similar developmental pattern is seen for some aspects of self-regulation (risk-taking, reward-seeking), whereas other aspects improve steadily across development (cognitive control, affective-cognitive coordination, self-regulatory efficiency) . This developmental pattern prioritizes adolescence as a key period for understanding how converging biological changes alter risk for SUDs. Adolescence begins with a biologically-driven developmental transition - puberty - which has complex secondary effects on social, emotional, and sexual development. Adolescence also brings major changes in neurodevelopment, including brain physiology and, which may heighten vulnerability to the effects of substance exposures on brain development. It is in this context of neural development and novel environmental challenges that small genetic differences can affect risk for problematic substance use. Implications. To understand the reciprocal interplay between self-regulation and adolescent substance use, studies must incorporate biological methods. To illustrate our approach, we present 3 examples of ways in which we propose to advance knowledge of self-regulation and SUD: genetics, imaging, and biomarkers.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30DA023026-07
Application #
8677839
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDA1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-07-01
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Duke University
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Durham
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27705
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Swartz, Johnna R; Knodt, Annchen R; Radtke, Spenser R et al. (2017) Peering into the brain to predict behavior: Peer-reported, but not self-reported, conscientiousness links threat-related amygdala activity to future problem drinking. Neuroimage 146:894-903
Strauman, Timothy J; Eddington, Kari M (2017) Treatment of Depression From a Self-Regulation Perspective: Basic Concepts and Applied Strategies in Self-System Therapy. Cognit Ther Res 41:1-15
Dotterer, Hailey L; Hyde, Luke W; Swartz, Johnna R et al. (2017) Amygdala reactivity predicts adolescent antisocial behavior but not callous-unemotional traits. Dev Cogn Neurosci 24:84-92

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