Investigators at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine and Brooklyn College of the City University of New York (CUNY) holding research grants from the NIDCD and with NIH projects in the area of the Program Goals of the NIDCD are applying to renew the grant that supports the Core Center over the last five years. One thread through several of the research projects is to determine the characteristics and neural bases of spatial orientation and locomotion. Other research is devoted to defining vestibular control of the autonomic system, the cellular and molecular basis of vestibular adaptation and the molecular biology .of vestibular development. A second thread is to develop a better understanding of early immediate gene changes associated with adaptation to vestibular stimulation. A third thread is to develop models of neural function that can be used to provide new pathways to study disease. An important aspect of the collaboration is for translational research on Parkinson locomotion, autonomic function, and motion sickness. A fourth important thread is to study the molecular basis for smell and test. There has been considerable interaction among members of the group due to the support provided by the CORE. There have also been advances due to the high level of services and technical support and development that have fostered better research in every area. Three Research Cores are proposed: Theodore Raphan will direct a Computer, Networking and Electronic Module;Sergei Yakushin, Ph.D. will direct an Engineering and Mechanical Maintenance Module and Robert Margolskee will direct a new Molecular Biological Core. Bernard Cohen and Theodore Raphan will serve as Core Director and Associate Director, respectively. The goal of the proposed Core Center is to promote the research of each group by providing essential services, technical advances and new methodologies that are too expensive or complex for any one group to carry or develop individually. A second goal is to provide an intellectual nexus through the Core Center that will help unite the group and promote interactions among research teams. The third is to establish translational research that will benefit patients with problems in locomotion, motion sickness and autonomic function. Through the last objective, we anticipate that the perspectives of the various groups will be broadened and that the Core Center will foster interdisciplinary studies that will enhance achievement of our common research goals.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZDC1-SRB-S (04))
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Platt, Christopher
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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Schools of Medicine
New York
United States
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Yakushin, Sergei B; Raphan, Theodore; Cohen, Bernard (2017) Coding of Velocity Storage in the Vestibular Nuclei. Front Neurol 8:386
Raphan, Theodore; Cohen, Bernard; Xiang, Yongqing et al. (2016) A Model of Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Vaso-Vagal Responses Produced by Vestibulo-Sympathetic Activation. Front Neurosci 10:96
Cohen, Bernard; Martinelli, Giorgio P; Raphan, Theodore et al. (2013) The vasovagal response of the rat: its relation to the vestibulosympathetic reflex and to Mayer waves. FASEB J 27:2564-72
Yakushin, Sergei B (2012) Tuning of gravity-dependent and gravity-independent vertical angular VOR gain changes by frequency of adaptation. J Neurophysiol 107:3349-56
Holstein, Gay R; Friedrich Jr, Victor L; Martinelli, Giorgio P et al. (2012) Fos expression in neurons of the rat vestibulo-autonomic pathway activated by sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation. Front Neurol 3:4
Xiang, Yongqing; Yakushin, Sergei B; Raphan, Theodore (2012) Modeling spatial tuning of adaptation of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex. Exp Brain Res 220:165-78
Yakushin, Sergei B; Dai, Mingjia; Raphan, Theodore et al. (2011) Spatial orientation of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (aVOR) after semicircular canal plugging and canal nerve section. Exp Brain Res 210:583-94
Cohen, Bernard; Yakushin, Sergei B; Holstein, Gay R (2011) What does galvanic vestibular stimulation actually activate? Front Neurol 2:90
Cohen, Bernard; Dai, Mingjia; Ogorodnikov, Dmitri et al. (2011) Motion sickness on tilting trains. FASEB J 25:3765-74
Cohen, Bernard; Martinelli, Giorgio P; Ogorodnikov, Dmitri et al. (2011) Sinusoidal galvanic vestibular stimulation (sGVS) induces a vasovagal response in the rat. Exp Brain Res 210:45-55

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