SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES OF THE GNOTOBIOTICS and MICROBIOLOGY CORE A. Core Services Core services are provided on a charge-back basis. They are designed to achieve economies of scale for purchase of equipment, reagents/supplies, and labor so that the real costs of use are subsidized by up to 50% for individual investigators. 1) Maintenance of Germfree mice: The core maintains germfree mice for a number of investigators, including wild-type Swiss Webster and C57BL/6 strains, as well as knockout strains that have been derived for investigators by Taconic or other sites. Mr. Yeliseyev manages isolators for 4 investigators who use core isolators on a regular basis. Ms. Belavusava assists in microbiological sterility checks of mice, as performed by culture and 16S rRNA PCR. 2) Maintenance of Specifically-Associated Mice: The core has 4 small positive-pressure isolators for specific-association experiments with commensal organisms. The Core Director and Mr. Yeliseyev work with investigators to devise experimental plans for specific-association experiments and schedule use of isolators. 3) Maintenance of Specifically-Associated Mice with BL-2 pathogens: The core has 2 negative-pressure isolators for association of germfree mice with BL-2 pathogens alone or with commensal species. Mr. Yeliseyev, with assistance from Ms. Belavusava, maintains isolators with specifically associated mice while Ms. Belavusava assists with culturing of isolates for associations and quantitative culture of materials from colonized mice, as warranted. 4) On-site breeding and availability of wild-type germfree stocks: The core maintains 2 large breeding isolators, primarily to provide a local supply of germfree Swiss-Webster and C57BL/6 mice for experiments. Local breeding provides a significant savings in animal purchase costs to HDDC investigators (>70% savings) and often provides a more ready supply of wild-type mice than can be obtained from commercial sources. Per request, the core will also maintain small numbers of breeding pairs of other strains of germfree mice imported by HDDC investigators for designated experiments. Mr Yeliseyev maintains animal breeding colonies, including ordering commercially-maintained germfree mice to replenish breeding stocks as needed. Note, Core E does not currently undertaking germfree derivations given space constraints in available mouse facilities in the Longwood area. The core does provide information and options for deriving mouse lines to a germfree state through Taconic or Charles River. HDDC: Integrated Epithelial and Mucosal Biology Lencer, Wayne I. 5) Tissue harvest and histopathology: The core offers assistance with collection of mouse tissues and blood, and preparation of materials for frozen section or paraffin embedding. Mr. Yeliseyev is well-versed in animal dissection and is available to perform or otherwise assist investigators with tissue harvests. Dr. Bry is also able to assist and advise with optimal methods to perform mouse necropsies for downstream applications. 6) Aerobic and anaerobic culture: The core provides equipment, materials and expertise for the culture of aerobic, microaerophilic and anaerobic species. Resources are available in Dr. Bry and Dr. Onderdonk's labs and may be further supported through additional technical staff in their labs. 7) Microbial identification and analysis: The core has equipment, resources and expertise to speciate commensal isolates by microbiological, biochemical and molecular methods, including biochemical analyses of fermentation profiles and other enzyme activities, MIDI analysis of short- medium- or long-chain fatty acids, and comparison of 16S rRNA sequences against curated 16S libraries. 8) Analyses of the Microbiome. The core has the resources and expertise to assist investigators with the collection and preparation of human and rodent samples for deep sequencing of 16S rRNA gene signatures. HDDC investigators may access bioinformatics tools maintained on the BWH High Performance Computing Cluster for analysis of Roche 454 sequencing data of 16S rRNA gene signatures.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30DK034854-29
Application #
8578086
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-8)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-12-01
Budget End
2014-11-30
Support Year
29
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$164,559
Indirect Cost
$54,025
Name
Children's Hospital Boston
Department
Type
DUNS #
076593722
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
Platzer, B; Baker, K; Vera, M P et al. (2015) Dendritic cell-bound IgE functions to restrain allergic inflammation at mucosal sites. Mucosal Immunol 8:516-32
Belzer, Clara; Gerber, Georg K; Roeselers, Guus et al. (2014) Dynamics of the microbiota in response to host infection. PLoS One 9:e95534
Thompson, Christopher C; Ryou, Marvin K; Kumar, Nitin et al. (2014) Single-session EUS-guided transgastric ERCP in the gastric bypass patient. Gastrointest Endosc 80:517
te Welscher, Yvonne M; Chinnapen, Daniel J-F; Kaoutzani, Lydia et al. (2014) Unsaturated glycoceramides as molecular carriers for mucosal drug delivery of GLP-1. J Control Release 175:72-8
Wang, David Q-H; Carey, Martin C (2014) Therapeutic uses of animal biles in traditional Chinese medicine: an ethnopharmacological, biophysical chemical and medicinal review. World J Gastroenterol 20:9952-75
Cho, Jin A; Zhang, Xuan; Miller, Gregory M et al. (2014) 4-Phenylbutyrate attenuates the ER stress response and cyclic AMP accumulation in DYT1 dystonia cell models. PLoS One 9:e110086
Aronson, Boaz E; Stapleton, Kelly A; Vissers, Laurens A T M et al. (2014) Spdef deletion rescues the crypt cell proliferation defect in conditional Gata6 null mouse small intestine. BMC Mol Biol 15:3
Zhou, Xiaohui; Massol, Ramiro H; Nakamura, Fumihiko et al. (2014) Remodeling of the intestinal brush border underlies adhesion and virulence of an enteric pathogen. MBio 5:
Olszak, Torsten; Neves, Joana F; Dowds, C Marie et al. (2014) Protective mucosal immunity mediated by epithelial CD1d and IL-10. Nature 509:497-502
Lee, Linda S; Szafranska-Schwarzbach, Anna E; Wylie, Dennis et al. (2014) Investigating MicroRNA Expression Profiles in Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms. Clin Transl Gastroenterol 5:e47

Showing the most recent 10 out of 487 publications