Adipose tissue function is central to overall metabolism. In addition to its energy storage role, adipose tissue secretes bioactive factors (i.e. adipokines) that contribute to regulating food intake, energy expenditure and normal functioning of key organs such as the vasculature, muscle and liver. Excessive expansion of adipose tissue, as occurs in obesity, is associated with cardiovascular abnormalities and systemic inflammation which ultimately may promote development of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. Adipose tissue expansion involves processes that include adipocyte hypertrophy, adipogenesis (pre-adipocyte differentiation), angiogenesis (new blood vessel formation) and extracellular matrix remodeling. There is growing interest in targeting these processes as a potentially efficient way to limit adipose tissue mass and obesity. In addition, understanding the molecular mechanisms that mediate lipid storage and the nutritional effects on adipose tissue metabolism are important in the pathophysiology of obesity. The Adipocyte Biology and Molecular Nutrition (ABMN) Core was established in 2006 and has since played a central role in facilitating molecular research related to nutrition and obesity by NORC investigators. The core provides NORC researchers, especially young investigators, access to specific equipment and expertise that are difficult to assemble by individual investigators and that can present a barrier to those new to this field. The state-of-the-art research infrastructure and training available through the ABMN Core facilitate and enhance nutrition/obesity related research and maximize resource use for NORC investigators, particularly young investigators who are establishing independent research programs. The core helps clinical investigators who are interested in the mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology associated with obesity in conducting molecular studies of biopsy samples obtained from metabolically phenotyped subjects. The ABMN core also creates opportunities for interactions and collaborations that often lead to initiation of new multidiscipiinary projects and help recruit basic and clinical investigators to nutrition/obesity related research (see publication record).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30DK056341-14
Application #
8640151
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-2)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
14
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$106,669
Indirect Cost
$36,492
Name
Washington University
Department
Type
DUNS #
068552207
City
Saint Louis
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
63130
Elbert, Donald L; Patterson, Bruce W; Bateman, Randall J (2015) Analysis of a compartmental model of amyloid beta production, irreversible loss and exchange in humans. Math Biosci 261:48-61
Magkos, Faidon; Smith, Gordon I; Reeds, Dominic N et al. (2014) One day of overfeeding impairs nocturnal glucose but not fatty acid homeostasis in overweight men. Obesity (Silver Spring) 22:435-40
Clugston, Robin D; Yuen, Jason J; Hu, Yunying et al. (2014) CD36-deficient mice are resistant to alcohol- and high-carbohydrate-induced hepatic steatosis. J Lipid Res 55:239-46
Hsu, Fong-Fu; Lodhi, Irfan J; Turk, John et al. (2014) Structural distinction of diacyl-, alkylacyl, and alk-1-enylacyl glycerophosphocholines as [M - 15]? ions by multiple-stage linear ion-trap mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom 25:1412-20
Wardlaw, Sharon L; Burant, Charles F; Klein, Samuel et al. (2014) Continuous 24-hour leptin, proopiomelanocortin, and amino acid measurements in human cerebrospinal fluid: correlations with plasma leptin, soluble leptin receptor, and amino acid levels. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99:2540-8
Pepino, Marta Yanina; Bradley, David; Eagon, J Christopher et al. (2014) Changes in taste perception and eating behavior after bariatric surgery-induced weight loss in women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 22:E13-20
Lei, Xiaoyong; Bone, Robert N; Ali, Tomader et al. (2014) Evidence of contribution of iPLA2?-mediated events during islet ?-cell apoptosis due to proinflammatory cytokines suggests a role for iPLA2? in T1D development. Endocrinology 155:3352-64
Rizza, Wanda; Veronese, Nicola; Fontana, Luigi (2014) What are the roles of calorie restriction and diet quality in promoting healthy longevity? Ageing Res Rev 13:38-45
Chowdhury, Sara; Reeds, Dominic N; Crimmins, Dan L et al. (2014) Xenin-25 delays gastric emptying and reduces postprandial glucose levels in humans with and without type 2 diabetes. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 306:G301-9
Wei, Xiaochao; Song, Haowei; Semenkovich, Clay F (2014) Insulin-regulated protein palmitoylation impacts endothelial cell function. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 34:346-54

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