Washington University in St. Louis and the National Congress of American Indians has combined their resources and expertise in organizing the Washington University Center for Diabetes Translation Research (WU-CDTR). The goal of the WU-CDTR is to eliminate disparities in Type 2 diabetes by translating evidence-based interventions to diverse communities. To achieve this goal, the WU-CDTR is organized around two interacting scientific themes that address: (1) the root causes of diabetes and disparities, and (2) obesity as a major contributing factor to Type 2 diabetes. In accomplishing this goal we will link Washington University researchers and those affiliated with academic institutions regionally (University of Missouri School of Journalism) and nationally (American Indian Scholars located across the country). The goals and work of WU-CDTR investigators reflect scientific priorities of the Strategic Planning Report of the DMICC addressing what translational research needs to be done (e.g. health communication;policy and economics), how it should be done (e.g. implementation science, community based participatory research), and by whom (e.g. transdisciplinary partnerships). The primary aims of the WU-CDTR are to support transdisciplinary investigators conducting type II translation research through four Cores: (1) The Health Communication and Health Literacy Core, which will advance the study of health communication science to test strategies for addressing health disparities in diabetes prevention and care;(2) The Health Economic and Policy Analysis Core, which will advance the study of economic and policy-level interventions to eliminate disparities in diabetes prevention and care;(3) The Dissemination and Implementation in Diabetes Research Core, which will advance the study of implementing, disseminating, and sustaining evidence-based approaches through integration in real world settings to improve diabetes prevention and care;(4) The Research Partnerships with American Indian/Alaska Native Communities Core, which will increase the capacity of researchers to engage in translational research to prevent obesity and Type 2 diabetes in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities. The secondary aims of the WU-CDTR are to: (5) Support a Pilot and Feasibility Program designed to attract and retain young transdisciplinary investigators;(6) Support an Enrichment Program that promotes transdisciplinary research, education, and training opportunities for young investigators related to type II translation diabetes research;and (7) Enhance the awareness of the WUCDTR as a regional and national resource for translational diabetes research.

Public Health Relevance

The WU-CDTR will be a regional and national resource to investigators committed to translating interventions that have demonstrated efficacy into real world health care settings, communities, and populations at risk. The WU-CDTR will provide access to Core services provided by exceptional national leaders in support of type II 'real world'translation research. This will support and enhance research of underrepresented disciplines (e.g. journalism) and groups (e.g. American Indians/Alaskan Natives), conducting studies on our two scientific priorities: the root causes of diabetes and disparities;and obesity as a major contributing factor to Type 2 diabetes.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30DK092950-03
Application #
8536273
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-1 (M2))
Program Officer
Hunter, Christine
Project Start
2011-09-20
Project End
2016-07-31
Budget Start
2013-08-01
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$555,642
Indirect Cost
$144,093
Name
Washington University
Department
None
Type
Schools of Social Work
DUNS #
068552207
City
Saint Louis
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
63130
Griffey, Richard T; Kennedy, Sarah K; D'Agostino McGowan, Lucy et al. (2014) Is low health literacy associated with increased emergency department utilization and recidivism? Acad Emerg Med 21:1109-15
Purnell, Jason Q; Gernes, Rebecca; Stein, Rick et al. (2014) A systematic review of financial incentives for dietary behavior change. J Acad Nutr Diet 114:1023-35
Bailey, Stacy Cooper; Brega, Angela G; Crutchfield, Trisha M et al. (2014) Update on health literacy and diabetes. Diabetes Educ 40:581-604
Griffey, Richard T; Melson, Andrew T; Lin, Margaret J et al. (2014) Does numeracy correlate with measures of health literacy in the emergency department? Acad Emerg Med 21:147-53
Harris, Jenine K; Moreland-Russell, Sarah; Tabak, Rachel G et al. (2014) Communication about childhood obesity on Twitter. Am J Public Health 104:e62-9
Carpenter, Christopher R; Kaphingst, Kimberly A; Goodman, Melody S et al. (2014) Feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of brief health literacy and numeracy screening instruments in an urban emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 21:137-46
Johnson-Jennings, Michelle Dawn; Tarraf, Wassim; Xavier Hill, Kyle et al. (2014) United States colorectal cancer screening practices among American Indians/Alaska Natives, blacks, and non-Hispanic whites in the new millennium (2001 to 2010). Cancer 120:3192-299
Harris, Jenine K; Mueller, Nancy L; Snider, Doneisha et al. (2013) Local health department use of twitter to disseminate diabetes information, United States. Prev Chronic Dis 10:E70
Brownson, Ross C; Jacobs, Julie A; Tabak, Rachel G et al. (2013) Designing for dissemination among public health researchers: findings from a national survey in the United States. Am J Public Health 103:1693-9
Hurle, Belen; Citrin, Toby; Jenkins, Jean F et al. (2013) What does it mean to be genomically literate?: National Human Genome Research Institute Meeting Report. Genet Med 15:658-63