The Center for Alaska Native Health Research (CANHR), established in 2001 with COBRE I support, has become nationally recognized for both the quality of its research to reduce disease and promote health among Alaska Native (AN) people and for Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) with minority populations. AN people have been engaged in all phases of CANHR research, including setting CANHR's current research agenda on obesity and metabolic disease. The evolution and solidification of this decade-long community partnership has expanded this research agenda into intervention research aimed at prevention and treatment of obesity and metabolic disease, youth suicide, and substance abuse. CANHR funding has increased from one NIH grant in 2001, to nearly $5M in 2010. With support from an NIH construction grant, we are building the first two clinical research laboratories in the state of Alaska, while increasing our net space by over 5,000 sq. ft. The University of Alaska Fairbanks leadership has increased its already substantial commitment to CANHR, further augmenting our research expertise with new faculty hires and consultation from nationally recognized senior researchers through the President's Professors program. Our publication rate continues to increase, surpassing 100 publications in the past four years. The goal of the proposed COBRE Phase III Transitional Center is to solidify these achievements with a focus on transitioning CANHR into a self-supporting, sustainable, nationally recognized research center focused on AN health and CBPR. We propose to do this by: (1) strengthening the infrastructure of core resources to support research and community engagement;(2) expanding mentoring and training opportunities to develop the next generation of AN health researchers;(3) developing an innovative Pilot Project program (External Partnerships for Specific Expertise), to foster collaborative research with scientific leaders at research-intensive institutions that, in our experience, will p9sitively impact our extramural funding success;(4) continuing the President's Professors Program to expand intellectual capital and national recognition of CANHR;and (5) including a comprehensive business plan to ensure income to sustain CANHR cores.

Public Health Relevance

A key goal of our center is to work with community partners to develop a research agenda and use the research results to better understand the causes and contributing factors of diseases faced by Alaska Native people, and their prevention and treatment. This will enhance the potential for the successful deployment of culturally respectful community-based interventions that will provide evidence-based health practices for Alaska Native people.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1)
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Liu, Yanping
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University of Alaska Fairbanks
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Ware, Desirae N; Lewis, Johnnye; Hopkins, Scarlett et al. (2014) Household reporting of childhood respiratory health and air pollution in rural Alaska Native communities. Int J Circumpolar Health 73:1-10
Ryman, Tove K; Austin, Melissa A; Hopkins, Scarlett et al. (2014) Using exploratory factor analysis of FFQ data to identify dietary patterns among Yup'ik people. Public Health Nutr 17:510-8
Klimentidis, Yann C; Lemas, Dominick J; Wiener, Howard H et al. (2014) CDKAL1 and HHEX are associated with type 2 diabetes-related traits among Yup'ik people. J Diabetes 6:251-9
Rasmus, Stacy M (2014) Indigenizing CBPR: evaluation of a community-based and participatory research process implementation of the Elluam Tungiinun (towards wellness) program in Alaska. Am J Community Psychol 54:170-9
O'Brien, Diane M; Kristal, Alan R; Nash, Sarah H et al. (2014) A stable isotope biomarker of marine food intake captures associations between n-3 fatty acid intake and chronic disease risk in a Yup'ik study population, and detects new associations with blood pressure and adiponectin. J Nutr 144:706-13
Howard, Barbara V; Metzger, Jesse S; Koller, Kathryn R et al. (2014) All-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality in western Alaska Native people: western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health (WATCH). Am J Public Health 104:1334-40
Aslibekyan, Stella; Wiener, Howard W; Havel, Peter J et al. (2014) DNA methylation patterns are associated with n-3 fatty acid intake in Yup'ik people. J Nutr 144:425-30
Ayunerak, Paula; Alstrom, Deborah; Moses, Charles et al. (2014) Yup'ik culture and context in Southwest Alaska: community member perspectives of tradition, social change, and prevention. Am J Community Psychol 54:91-9
Allen, James; Mohatt, Gerald V; Fok, Carlotta Ching Ting et al. (2014) A protective factors model for alcohol abuse and suicide prevention among Alaska Native youth. Am J Community Psychol 54:125-39
Gonzalez, John; Trickett, Edison J (2014) Collaborative measurement development as a tool in CBPR: measurement development and adaptation within the cultures of communities. Am J Community Psychol 54:112-24

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