Based on the success ofthe initial 10-year award, the ultimate goals of this COBRE renewal application are to complete the establishment at Dartmouth of a nationally recognized Center for Molecular, Cellular, and Translational Immunological Research, and to transition this COBRE Center for Immunological Research (COBRE-CIR) to an infrastructure-based, freestanding (from COBRE funding), sustainable center in five years. With the foundation of a long-standing Immunology Program, which has now been substantially enhanced by COBRE support, this proposal takes advantage of a highly interactive core of collaborative faculty at Dartmouth Medical School (DMS) and Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center (DHMC). With this expanded investigator base, a Phase III COBRE award will provide the resources to build the needed infrastructure to sustain the COBRE-CIR, further grow the Program, and facilitate inter-disciplinary basic science to translational immunological research. This infrastructure will include the continued mentored development of our immunlogical faculty, especially those investigators previously supported by COBRE; expansion ofthe COBRE Cores and their full integration with existing complementary cores and shared services at DMS/DHMC, particularly the Norris Cotton Cancer Center and the other Immunology and """"""""Lung Biology"""""""" COBREs at Dartmouth and the Univesrity of Vermont;and an enhanced Pilot Projdect Program with targeting to mentored, collaborative, and/or translational/human systems research. Together with substantive Institutional commitment by DMS/DHMC, there is confidence that the strong existing cadre of investigators, already expanded and matured by the COBRE mechanism, can be further developed to complete the formation of a sustainable Center for Immunological Research that is grounded in excellent basic science investigation, embraces a translational approach to promote bidirectional bench-to-bedside application of hypothesis-driven research, and has a regional, if not also national, impact.

Public Health Relevance

The immune system is central to a variety of disease states, from protective responses to microbial infections and tumors, to unwanted inflammation and immunopathology characteristic of allergy, autoimmunity, etc. A better understanding of how to regulate the immune system is needed to create better vaccines, or to limit immune responses in syndromes resulting from an overzealous recognition of non-dangerous antigen.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30GM103415-04
Application #
8655174
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-B (01))
Program Officer
Gorospe, Rafael
Project Start
2011-07-01
Project End
2016-04-30
Budget Start
2014-05-01
Budget End
2015-04-30
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$1,177,189
Indirect Cost
$432,024
Name
Dartmouth College
Department
Microbiology/Immun/Virology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
041027822
City
Hanover
State
NH
Country
United States
Zip Code
03755
Shen, Zheng; Rodriguez-Garcia, Marta; Ochsenbauer, Christina et al. (2017) Characterization of immune cells and infection by HIV in human ovarian tissues. Am J Reprod Immunol 78:
Shen, Zheng; Rodriguez-Garcia, Marta; Patel, Mickey V et al. (2017) Hormonal Contraceptives Differentially Suppress TFV and TAF Inhibition of HIV Infection and TFV-DP in Blood and Genital Tract CD4+?T cells. Sci Rep 7:17697
Howe, Caitlin G; Li, Zhigang; Zens, Michael S et al. (2017) Dietary B Vitamin Intake Is Associated with Lower Urinary Monomethyl Arsenic and Oxidative Stress Marker 15-F2t-Isoprostane among New Hampshire Adults. J Nutr 147:2289-2296
Rodriguez-Garcia, Marta; Patel, Mickey V; Shen, Zheng et al. (2017) Tenofovir Inhibits Wound Healing of Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts from the Upper and Lower Human Female Reproductive Tract. Sci Rep 8:45725
Malik, Brian T; Byrne, Katelyn T; Vella, Jennifer L et al. (2017) Resident memory T cells in the skin mediate durable immunity to melanoma. Sci Immunol 2:
Butler, Kiah L; Clancy-Thompson, Eleanor; Mullins, David W (2017) CXCR3+ monocytes/macrophages are required for establishment of pulmonary metastases. Sci Rep 7:45593
Mustachio, Lisa Maria; Lu, Yun; Tafe, Laura J et al. (2017) Deubiquitinase USP18 Loss Mislocalizes and Destabilizes KRAS in Lung Cancer. Mol Cancer Res 15:905-914
Steinberg, Shannon M; Shabaneh, Tamer B; Zhang, Peisheng et al. (2017) Myeloid Cells That Impair Immunotherapy Are Restored in Melanomas with Acquired Resistance to BRAF Inhibitors. Cancer Res 77:1599-1610
Obar, Joshua J; Hohl, Tobias M; Cramer, Robert A (2016) New advances in invasive aspergillosis immunobiology leading the way towards personalized therapeutic approaches. Cytokine 84:63-73
Rastad, Jessica L; Green, William R (2016) Myeloid-derived suppressor cells in murine AIDS inhibit B-cell responses in part via soluble mediators including reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, and TGF-?. Virology 499:9-22

Showing the most recent 10 out of 39 publications