The ever-growing and evolving HIV epidemic in both the US and the developing world continues to pose numerous critical ethical and policy issues. These are becoming all the more acute as researchers begin work in unfamiliar settings and with new populations in the developing world. Further, given the particular vulnerability of people living with or at high risk of HIV, it is especially crucial that HIV-related research be conducted according to stringent ethical standards. The Ethics and Policy Core (EPC) will enhance the Center's ability to address these issues through three overall functions of providing consultation, fostering education, and conducting empirical research on two broad areas: 1) policy issues at multiple levels- international, national, local, institutional and professional (i.e., including policies in various health care institutions and settings), and 2) ethics of research with people who are infected with or at risk for infection with HIV. The EPC builds on the past work of the HIV Center in ethics and policy and will also incorporate new emphases on research ethics and the relationship between policy and economics. The EPC will consult with Center investigators concerning policy implications and research ethics related to their work as they conduct research, develop new research initiatives, prepare grants and IRB applications, analyze findings, and write manuscripts. The EPC will also provide and enhance education on ethical and policy issues among investigators and trainees in the Center and in broader communities through seminars, conferences and roundtable discussions, as well as a Program in Applied Ethics for newer investigators. The Core will also conduct research either through stand-alone studies or by adding studies of ethical and policy questions onto existing Center research studies. The Core will help identify ethical and policy issues that need to, and can, be studied empirically, and can be pursued by Pis (either from the Core or the rest of the Center). Thus, the Core will add significantly to the Center as a whole, infusing into the Center critical expertise and activities in these areas that can help expand understandings and approaches in policy, research ethics, and numerous other domains within the broad area of HIV prevention and treatment. Specifically, the Core will enable Center investigators, in key ways they would not otherwise, develop policy implications of their work, promote the practice and understanding of research ethics, examine crucial policy issues using empirical approaches.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
3P30MH043520-24S1
Application #
8550990
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-D)
Project Start
1997-02-01
Project End
2013-01-31
Budget Start
2012-09-12
Budget End
2013-01-31
Support Year
24
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$26,622
Indirect Cost
$9,962
Name
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
167204994
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10032
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Lee, Matthew; Sandfort, Theo; Collier, Kate et al. (2016) Breakage is the norm: use of condoms and lubrication in anal sex among Black South African men who have sex with men. Cult Health Sex :1-14
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van den Boom, Wijnand; Davidovich, Udi; Heuker, José et al. (2016) Is Group Sex a Higher-Risk Setting for HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Compared With Dyadic Sex Among Men Who Have Sex With Men? Sex Transm Dis 43:99-104
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Rael, Christine Tagliaferri; Hampanda, Karen (2016) Understanding internalized HIV/AIDS-related stigmas in the Dominican Republic: a short report. AIDS Care 28:319-24
Harrison, Abigail; Hoffman, Susie; Mantell, Joanne E et al. (2016) Gender-Focused HIV and Pregnancy Prevention for School-Going Adolescents: The Mpondombili Pilot Intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. J HIV AIDS Soc Serv 15:29-47
Metsch, Lisa R; Feaster, Daniel J; Gooden, Lauren et al. (2016) Effect of Patient Navigation With or Without Financial Incentives on Viral Suppression Among Hospitalized Patients With HIV Infection and Substance Use: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA 316:156-70
Bai, Dan; Leu, Cheng-Shiun; Mantell, Joanne E et al. (2016) An Approach to Developing a Prediction Model of Fertility Intent Among HIV-Positive Women and Men in Cape Town, South Africa: A Case Study. AIDS Behav :
Elkington, Katherine S; Cruz, Jennifer E; Warne, Patricia et al. (2016) Marijuana Use and Psychiatric Disorders in Perinatally HIV-Exposed Youth: Does HIV Matter? J Pediatr Psychol 41:277-86

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