The goal of the PHPP Core is to maximize the impact of HIV Center efficacious interventions by supporting research on the translation, adaptation, and adoption of scientifically tested prevention and treatment interventions into community-based delivery systems and other public health settings by partnering with policy makers, service system organizers, and ethicists. Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, scientists have developed evidence-based interventions for HIV prevention, earlier identification of HIV cases, timely engagement and retention in care, and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), Typically, advances emerge from randomized controlled trials, however, widespread adoption and demonstrable population-based health improvement has proved challenging. Interventions developed in academic isolation often fail to address real-world constraints - insufficient resources and workforce capacity;fragmented funding and policies;and tensions among recipients, providers, policy makers, and researchers [1,2], In addition, ethical dilemmas and lagging policy hinder timely adoption of evidence-based interventions, and the changing epidemic poses new challenges to front-line clinicians that academic researchers are slow to address. In light of the expected rapid advances in biobehavioral prevention and treatment approaches likely to emerge as the epidemic over the next five years, the HIV Center has chosen to make translational research and implementation science a high priority.
We aim to optimize the scale-up of our evidence-based interventions into practice settings and the use of evidence to inform health care policy and service delivery organization [3-5]. The PHPP Core has evolved from two current HIV Center cores, the Global Community Core (GCC) and Ethics and Policy Core. This new Core will build capacity in translational research and implementation science, provide sophisticated ethics and human rights consultation, and unite end users, policy-makers, delivery-organization leadership, and researchers in an ongoing partnership to address implementation challenges. The PHPP Core will specifically aim to close the gaps among science, policy, and HIV prevention and care services.
|Collier, Kate L; Horn, Stacey S; Bos, Henny M W et al. (2015) Attitudes toward lesbians and gays among American and Dutch adolescents. J Sex Res 52:140-50|
|Collier, Kate L; Sandfort, Theo G M; Reddy, Vasu et al. (2015) "This will not enter me": painful anal intercourse among Black men who have sex with men in South African townships. Arch Sex Behav 44:317-28|
|Rodriguez, Kristina; Ventura-DiPersia, Christina; LeVasseur, Michael T et al. (2015) Inconsistencies on U.S. Departments of Health Websites Regarding Anal Use of the Female Condom. AIDS Behav 19:1141-9|
|Pinto, Rogério M; Giménez, Silvia; Spector, Anya Y et al. (2015) HIV practitioners in Madrid and New York improving inclusion of underrepresented populations in research. Health Promot Int 30:695-705|
|Rhodes, Scott D; Alonzo, Jorge; Mann, Lilli et al. (2015) The ecology of sexual health of sexual minorities in Guatemala City. Health Promot Int 30:832-42|
|Mantell, Joanne E; Smit, Jennifer A; Exner, Theresa M et al. (2015) Promoting Female Condom Use Among Female University Students in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Results of a Randomized Behavioral Trial. AIDS Behav 19:1129-40|
|Sandfort, Theo G M; Knox, Justin; Collier, Kate L et al. (2015) HIV testing practices of South African township MSM in the era of expanded access to ART. AIDS Behav 19:561-74|
|Irvine, Mary K; Chamberlin, Stephanie A; Robbins, Rebekkah S et al. (2015) Improvements in HIV care engagement and viral load suppression following enrollment in a comprehensive HIV care coordination program. Clin Infect Dis 60:298-310|
|Balan, Ivan C; Carballo-Dieguez, Alex; Frasca, Timothy et al. (2014) The impact of rapid HIV home test use with sexual partners on subsequent sexual behavior among men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav 18:254-62|
|Chhagan, Meera K; Mellins, Claude A; Kauchali, Shuaib et al. (2014) Mental health disorders among caregivers of preschool children in the Asenze study in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Matern Child Health J 18:191-9|
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