The primary objective ofthe Qualitative Core is to assist CAIR investigators and staff in all aspects of qualitative research. Core Scientists work closely with CAIR faculty. In the design and appropriate methods In qualitative studies;pf-ovide consultation to design in-depth and focus group interview guides and observation protocols;train faculty and staff in qualitative interview and observation skills;train faculty and staff on the use of qualitative analysis software;and provide leadership and expertise in data analysis and interpretation of results. The Qualitative Core also provides consultation and outreach to community partners, non-CAIR faculty from MCW and other universities, and international researchers and collaborators. Thus, the Qualitative Core serves as a resource not only to CAIR scientists but to the larger Milwaukee, regional, national community of researchers and service providers. Qualitative research methods provide insight into Individuals'attitudes, motivations and social norms; structural factors that influence engaging in risky or preventive behaviors;and community and organizational factors that can affect implementation and scale-up of prevention efforts. This information is essential as we move HIV prevention in areas of biomedical interventions, develop """"""""high impact interventions"""""""" tailored to populations disproportionately burdened by HIV, evaluate implementation of multi-level community interventions, and evaluate the translation and dissemination of efficacious interventions into real-world settings. For example, qualitative research can be used to understand personal and social factors that Influence whether a person is willing to know their HIV status, take prophylactic or post-exposure ART medication, enter medical treatment, or adhere long-term to ART. Qualitative methods can also be used to study structural barriers to biomedical interventions, including insurance policies, housing, and access to medical care. Qualitative methods can be used to elucidate organizational and community factors that influence the implementation of biomedical interventions, translation and scale-up of effective interventions, and multi-level HIV prevention interventions. The Qualitative Core encourages scientists to develop and design innovative research projects that explore critical issues in HIV prevention research using advanced qualitative methods and mixed-methods designs. As qualitative methods play a role in almost all CAIR research projects, the Qualitative Core works closely with the other Scientific Cores. The Qualitative Core plays an essential role In Center-Wide Initiatives, which bring together CAIR investigators to develop grants in the Center's research priority areas. Core Scientists also work closely with the Developmental Core and the post-doctoral program in providing consultation on research design, data collection and analysis of Developmental Research Grants, and extensive training to post-doctoral fellows. The Core closely collaborates with the Quantitative Core in helping to improve measurement of risk behaviors and developing new quantitative instruments to measure structural, community and organizational factors. The Core works with the Intervention and Dissemination Core by providing formative data used to culturally tailor interventions to vulnerable populations and to study factors that influence dissemination and adaptation of interventions into community settings. The Core works with the International Core in collecting and analyzing qualitative data important to understand the social and cultural context of risk In different cultural settings, and provides consultation on ethics issues particular to qualitative research with vulnerable populations for the biannual ethics training seminar.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-M (02))
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Medical College of Wisconsin
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Quinn, Katherine; Dickson-Gomez, Julia (2016) Homonegativity, Religiosity, and the Intersecting Identities of Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men. AIDS Behav 20:51-64
Quinn, Katherine; Voisin, Dexter R; Bouris, Alida et al. (2016) Multiple Dimensions of Stigma and Health Related Factors Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men. AIDS Behav :
Kuznetsova, Anna V; Meylakhs, Anastasia Y; Amirkhanian, Yuri A et al. (2016) Barriers and Facilitators of HIV Care Engagement: Results of a Qualitative Study in St. Petersburg, Russia. AIDS Behav 20:2433-43
Glasman, Laura R; Dickson-Gomez, Julia; Lechuga, Julia et al. (2016) Using Peer-Referral Chains with Incentives to Promote HIV Testing and Identify Undiagnosed HIV Infections Among Crack Users in San Salvador. AIDS Behav 20:1236-43
Mitchell, Jason W; Sophus, Amber I; Petroll, Andrew E (2016) HIV-Negative Partnered Men's Willingness to Use Non-Occupational Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Associated Factors in a U.S. Sample of HIV-Negative and HIV-Discordant Male Couples. LGBT Health 3:146-52
Quinn, Katherine G; Kelly, Jeffrey A; DiFranceisco, Wayne J et al. (2016) The Health and Sociocultural Correlates of AIDS Genocidal Beliefs and Medical Mistrust Among African American MSM. AIDS Behav :
McGarrity, Larissa A; Senn, Theresa E; Walsh, Jennifer L et al. (2016) Psychological Distress Moderates the Intention-Behavior Association for Sexual Partner Concurrency Among Adults. AIDS Behav :
Kelly, Jeffrey A; St Lawrence, Janet S; Tarima, Sergey S et al. (2016) Correlates of Sexual HIV Risk Among African American Men Who Have Sex With Men. Am J Public Health 106:96-102
Mitchell, Jason W (2016) Differences in Relationship Characteristics Between HIV-Negative Male Couples Who Used and Did Not Use Substances with Sex. AIDS Behav 20:667-78
Nydegger, Liesl A; DiFranceisco, Wayne; Quinn, Katherine et al. (2016) Gender Norms and Age-Disparate Sexual Relationships as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence, and Risky Sex among Adolescent Gang Members. J Urban Health :

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