In 1997, the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA) received a P01 Program Project grant from NIMH and NIDA to conduct research aimed at the prevention of HIV infection and reduction of the negative consequences of HIV disease in vulnerable and underserved populations. We successfully competed for a five-year P30 CSPAR grant in September 2001. With this application, we seek to renew this CSPAR grant for an additional 5 years of support. To date, a total of 86 externally funded research and training grants (69 research, 17 training) have been affiliated with the Center;41 (32 research) of these are currently ongoing. Five additional research grants are currently under review. A total of 41 scientists have served as Principal Investigators on these different projects. An additional 21 have been awarded funds through our pilot project program during this same period. CIRA affiliated research will continue to identify the determinants of risky behaviors in vulnerable populations, develop and assess interventions to address this risk, analyze policy, laws, and structures associated with risk and prevention, and examine the global dimensions of the pandemic. In addition, we will support the conduct of translational research and collaborative research focusing on HIV prevention, care, and treatment in national and international settings. Wherever possible, this research will be interdisciplinary, drawing from the full range of theoretical and methodological expertise of CIRA scientists, who together, represent 22 different disciplines. Six Cores will support the conduct of research in these areas. An Administrative (Admin) Core will serve as the planning and decision-making body and will provide overall scientific leadership, and administrative management. A Development (Dev) Core will provide mechanisms for promoting and supporting new research and bringing new scientists, at all stages in their careers, to HIV/AIDS research. An Interdisciplinary Research Methods (IRM) Core will provide consultations, hands-on assistance, resources, and training in quantitative methods and biostatistics, qualitative methods and ethnography, cost effectiveness and mathematical modeling, and biological measures and analysis. The Community Research (CR) Core will facilitate community-based and translational research by CIRA scientists, build research capacity of community partners, and facilitate the dissemination of research findings. A Clinical and Health Services Research (CHSR) Core will foster the development of research focused on developing and testing clinical strategies to address HIV prevention, care, and treatment for patients with comorbid psychiatric, medical, substance use and behavioral conditions in domestic and international settings. The Law, Policy, and Ethics (LPE) Core will facilitate the development of new and support ongoing research with a legal, policy, ethics, or structural focus. It will also ensure that CIRA research meets the highest ethical and legal standards and that it is accessible to policymakers.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Center Core Grants (P30)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-H (08))
Program Officer
Gordon, Christopher M
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Yale University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Medicine
New Haven
United States
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Jacobson, Karen B; Niccolai, Linda; Mtungwa, Nonhle et al. (2017) ""It's about my life"": facilitators of and barriers to isoniazid preventive therapy completion among people living with HIV in rural South Africa. AIDS Care 29:936-942
Lewis, Jessica B; Sullivan, Tami P; Angley, Meghan et al. (2017) Psychological and relational correlates of intimate partner violence profiles among pregnant adolescent couples. Aggress Behav 43:26-36
Willie, Tiara C; Powell, Adeya; Lewis, Jessica et al. (2017) Who Is at Risk for Intimate Partner Violence Victimization: Using Latent Class Analysis to Explore Interpersonal Polyvictimization and Polyperpetration Among Pregnant Young Couples. Violence Vict 32:545-564
Rosenberg, Alana; Groves, Allison K; Blankenship, Kim M (2017) Comparing Black and White Drug Offenders: Implications for Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice and Reentry Policy and Programming. J Drug Issues 47:132-142
Harsono, Dini; Galletly, Carol L; O'Keefe, Elaine et al. (2017) Criminalization of HIV Exposure: A Review of Empirical Studies in the United States. AIDS Behav 21:27-50
Li, Jianghong; Valente, Thomas W; Shin, Hee-Sung et al. (2017) Overlooked Threats to Respondent Driven Sampling Estimators: Peer Recruitment Reality, Degree Measures, and Random Selection Assumption. AIDS Behav :
Zhao, Yan; Zhang, Mingjie; Shi, Cynthia X et al. (2017) Mortality and virological failure among HIV-infected people who inject drugs on antiretroviral treatment in China: An observational cohort study. Drug Alcohol Depend 170:189-197
Nathavitharana, Ruvandhi R; Shi, Cynthia X; Chindelevitch, Leonid et al. (2017) Polyclonal Pulmonary Tuberculosis Infections and Risk for Multidrug Resistance, Lima, Peru. Emerg Infect Dis 23:1887-1890
Loeliger, Kelsey B; Biggs, Mary L; Young, Rebekah et al. (2017) Gender Differences in HIV Risk Behaviors Among Persons Involved in the U.S. Criminal Justice System and Living with HIV or at Risk for HIV: A ""Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain"" Harmonization Consortium. AIDS Behav 21:2945-2957
Grau, Lauretta E; Griffiths-Kundishora, Abbie; Heimer, Robert et al. (2017) Barriers and facilitators of the HIV care continuum in Southern New England for people with drug or alcohol use and living with HIV/AIDS: perspectives of HIV surveillance experts and service providers. Addict Sci Clin Pract 12:24

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